Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link
Volume 28, Number 3—March 2022

Overseas Treatment of Latent Tuberculosis Infection in US–Bound Immigrants

Amera KhanComments to Author , Christina R. Phares, Hoang Lan Phuong, Dang Thi Kieu Trinh, Ha Phan, Cindy Merrifield, Phan Thi Hong Le, Quach Thi Kim Lien, Sooc Ngoc Lan, Phan Thi Kim Thoa, Le Tran Minh Thu, Tiffany Tran, Cuc Tran, Lucy Platt, Susan A. Maloney, Nguyen Viet Nhung, Payam Nahid, and John E. Oeltmann
Author affiliations: Stop TB Partnership, Geneva, Switzerland (A. Khan); London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK (A. Khan, L. Platt); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (C.R. Phares, C. Tran, S.A. Maloney, J.E. Oeltmann); Cho Ray Hospital Visa Medical Clinic, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam (H.L. Phuong, D.T.K. Trinh, P.T.H. Le, Q.T.K. Lien, S.N. Lan, P.T.K. Thoa, L.T.M. Thu); Vietnam National TB Program/University of California–San Francisco Research Collaboration, Hanoi, Vietnam (H. Phan, C. Merrifield, T. Tran, N.V. Nhung, P. Nahid); University of California–San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA (H. Phan, C. Merrifield, P. Nahid); Vietnam National TB Program, Hanoi (N.V. Nhung)

Main Article

Table 2

Self-reported reasons for declining to participate in the Preventing Tuberculosis Overseas Pilot Study of US immigrant visa applicants, Vietnam, 2018–2019*

Reason† No. (%) respondents
Total 2,873 (100)
Too busy or too much stress currently 881 (31)
Study or IGRA not required for medical examination 723 (25)
Did not believe infected 641 (22)
Family advised against enrollment 407 (14)
Worried about blood draw 178 (6)
Worried that participation could delay immigration process 37 (1)
Believed BCG vaccination would protect them from TB 27 (1)
Worried about enrolling in research 11 (<1)
Worried that IGRA results may affect immigration status 7 (<1)
Concerned about taking medication 6 (<1)
Worried about stigma 5 (<1)
Inconvenient to return to CRH VMD 5 (<1)
Did not understand study 1 (<1)
Undecided 1 (<1)

*BCG, Bacille Calmette-Guérin; CRH VMD, Cho Ray Hospital Visa Medical Department; IGRA, interferon-γ release assay; TB, tuberculosis. †A total of 2,940 reasons were given (>1 reason could be provided by respondents).

Main Article

Page created: December 13, 2021
Page updated: February 21, 2022
Page reviewed: February 21, 2022
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.