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Volume 29, Number 2—February 2023

Relationship between Telework Experience and Presenteeism during COVID-19 Pandemic, United States, March–November 2020

Livvy Shafer, Faruque AhmedComments to Author , Sara Kim, Karen J. Wernli, Michael L. Jackson, Mary Patricia Nowalk, Todd Bear, Richard K. Zimmerman, Emily T. Martin, Arnold S. Monto, Manjusha Gaglani, Michael Reis, Jessie R. Chung, Brendan Flannery, and Amra Uzicanin
Author affiliations: Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA (L. Shafer); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (L. Shafer, F. Ahmed, S. Kim, J.R. Chung, B. Flannery, A. Uzicanin); Kaiser Permanente Washington Health Research Institute, Seattle, Washington, USA (K.J. Wernli, M.L. Jackson); University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA (M.P. Nowalk, T. Bear, R.K. Zimmerman); University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA (E.T. Martin, A.S. Monto); Baylor Scott and White Health, Temple, Texas, USA (M. Gaglani, M. Reis); Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Temple (M. Gaglani, M. Reis)

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Table 3

Associations between telework experience before illness and COVID-19 status with working at all during illness, United States, March–November 2020

Characteristic Worked onsite or solely teleworked during illness*
Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI)†
Yes, n = 550 No, n = 397
Telework experience before illness‡
Yes 180 (87.8) 25 (12.2) 5.48 (3.40–8.83)
370 (49.9)
372 (50.1)
COVID-19 case
Yes 96 (41.6) 135 (58.4) 0.40 (0.28–0.58)
454 (63.4)
262 (36.6)
Telework experience before illness: Yes
COVID-19 case
Yes 27 (87.1) 4 (12.9) 0.75 (0.22–2.61)
153 (87.9)
21 (12.1)
Telework experience before illness: No
COVID-19 case
Yes 69 (34.5) 131 (65.5) 0.39 (0.26–0.56)
No 301 (55.5) 241 (44.5) Referent

*Persons categorized as having worked onsite includes persons who worked both onsite and teleworked. †Dependent variable in the multilevel logistic regression model is worked onsite or teleworked exclusively during illness (0 = No, 1 = Yes). Independent variables are telework experience before illness (0 = No, 1 = Yes), COVID-19 case (0 = No, 1 = Yes), race/ethnicity, education, healthcare personnel status, hours typically worked per week before illness, illness onset period, and study site. ‡Among the 550 persons who worked, the median days worked was ≥5 days for those with telework experience compared to 3 days for those with no telework experience (p<0.001). §Among 742 persons with no telework experience before illness, 117 (16%) teleworked during illness.

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Page created: December 06, 2022
Page updated: January 21, 2023
Page reviewed: January 21, 2023
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