Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link
Volume 4, Number 1—March 1998

B-virus from Pet Macaque Monkeys: An Emerging Threat in the United States?

Stephanie R. Ostrowski*, Mira J. Leslie†, Terri Parrott‡, Susan Abelt¶, and Patrick E. Piercy§
Author affiliations: *Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; †Arizona Department of Health Services, Phoenix, Arizona, USA; ‡Pembroke Park Animal Hospital, Pembroke Park, Florida, USA; ¶Lake Superior Zoological Gardens, Duluth, Minnesota, USA; §Illinois Department of Public Health, Springfield, Illinois, USA

Main Article

Table 1

Selected pet macaque bite casesa,b

Primate species, age, B-virus status
Nature of exposure
Illinois Rhesus, 20+ yrs, B-virus positive Cynomolgus, 2-4 yrs, B-virus negative Household contact (2 adults/3 children), bites, scratches (2 adults) Bought at auction, wife bitten multiple sites, children hand-fed monkey
Florida Cynomolgus, 2 yrs, B-virus positive Household contact (1 adult), bite (1 child) Kissed on lips, ate off owner's plate, shared bed
Arizona Cynomolgus, 2 yrs, B-virus negative Bites on toe and buttock (child) Unprovoked attack on neighbor, declared vicious animal by judge, no. of household contacts (owner) unreported
Cynomolgus, 7 weeks, B-virus positive Household contact (6 adults), bite on face (1 adult) Diapered, shared chewed gum, oral ulcers noted by veterinarian, bite incident at neighborhood bar
Macaque, (species undetermined), 2 yrs, B-virus status unknown Bite on thigh (1 child) Unprovoked attack (climbed fence to bite child)
Macaque, (species and age undetermined), B-virus status unknown Severe bite (1 child) Injured child attended an unlicensed day-care facility run by monkey owner, 7 other monkeys on premises
Minnesota Rhesus, 2 yrs, B-virus positive Household contact, owners' friend bitten Acquired as "child-substitute" (full-time baby-sitters hired)

aCases referred to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention since 1993.
bAs of November 1997, no confirmed transmission of B-virus in these persons has been documented.

Main Article

Page created: December 14, 2010
Page updated: December 14, 2010
Page reviewed: December 14, 2010
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.