Volume 4, Number 1—March 1998
B-virus from Pet Macaque Monkeys: An Emerging Threat in the United States?
||Primate species, age, B-virus status
||Nature of exposure
|Illinois||Rhesus, 20+ yrs, B-virus positive Cynomolgus, 2-4 yrs, B-virus negative||Household contact (2 adults/3 children), bites, scratches (2 adults)||Bought at auction, wife bitten multiple sites, children hand-fed monkey|
|Florida||Cynomolgus, 2 yrs, B-virus positive||Household contact (1 adult), bite (1 child)||Kissed on lips, ate off owner's plate, shared bed|
|Arizona||Cynomolgus, 2 yrs, B-virus negative||Bites on toe and buttock (child)||Unprovoked attack on neighbor, declared vicious animal by judge, no. of household contacts (owner) unreported|
|Cynomolgus, 7 weeks, B-virus positive||Household contact (6 adults), bite on face (1 adult)||Diapered, shared chewed gum, oral ulcers noted by veterinarian, bite incident at neighborhood bar|
|Macaque, (species undetermined), 2 yrs, B-virus status unknown||Bite on thigh (1 child)||Unprovoked attack (climbed fence to bite child)|
|Macaque, (species and age undetermined), B-virus status unknown||Severe bite (1 child)||Injured child attended an unlicensed day-care facility run by monkey owner, 7 other monkeys on premises|
|Minnesota||Rhesus, 2 yrs, B-virus positive||Household contact, owners' friend bitten||Acquired as "child-substitute" (full-time baby-sitters hired)|
aCases referred to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention since 1993.
bAs of November 1997, no confirmed transmission of B-virus in these persons has been documented.
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