Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link
Volume 4, Number 2—June 1998
Perspective

Could Myocarditis, Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus, and Guillain-Barré Syndrome Be Caused by One or More Infectious Agents Carried by Rodents?

Bo Niklasson*†Comments to Author , Birger Hörnfeldt‡, and Berit Lundman§¶
Author affiliations: *Swedish Institute for Infectious Disease Control, Stockholm, Sweden; †National Defense Research Establishment, Umeå, Sweden; ‡Department of Animal Ecology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden; §Department of Advanced Nursing, University of Umeå, Umeå, Sweden; ¶Research and Development Unit, Sundsvalls Hospital, Sundsvall, Sweden

Main Article

Figure 10

Cross-correlation function of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus incidence with bank vole abundance, 1973–1991. Time series are differenced (1); n = 18 computable 0-order correlations. Lines represent + 2 SE. The standard error is based on the assumption that the series are not cross-correlated and one of the series is white noise.

Figure 10. Cross-correlation function of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus incidence with bank vole abundance, 1973–1991. Time series are differenced (1); n = 18 computable 0-order correlations. Lines represent + 2 SE. The standard error is based on the assumption that the series are not cross-correlated and one of the series is white noise.

Main Article

References
  1. Niklasson  B, Le Duc  J. Epidemiology of nephropathia epidemica in Sweden. J Infect Dis. 1987;155:26976.PubMed
  2. Hansson  L, Henttonen  H. Gradients in density variations of small rodents: the importance of latitude and snow cover. Oecologia. 1985;67:394402. DOI
  3. Hansson  L, Henttonen  H. Rodent dynamics as community processes. Trends Ecol Evol. 1988;3:195200. DOI
  4. Hörnfeldt  B. Delayed density dependence as a determinant of vole cycles. Ecology. 1994;75:791806. DOI
  5. Niklasson  B, Hörnfeldt  B, Lundkvist  Å, Björsten  S, LeDuc  J. Temporal dynamics of Puumala virus antibody prevalence in voles and of nephropathia epidemica incidence in humans. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1995;53:13440.PubMed
  6. Hörnfeldt  B. Smådäggdjursinventering i PMK:s referensområden - rapport från verksamheten 1992. Solna, Sweden: Swedish Environmental Protection Agency; 1994. Report 4294.
  7. Lindström  ER, Andrén  H, Angelstam  P, Cederlund  G, Hörnfeldt  B, Jäderberg  L, Disease reveals the predator: sarcoptic mange, red fox predation and prey populations. Ecology. 1994;75:10429. DOI
  8. Lindström  ER, Hörnfeldt  B. Vole cycles, snow depth and fox predation. Oikos. 1994;70:15660. DOI
  9. Jiang  GX, de Pedro-Cuesta  J, Fredriksson  G. Guillain-Barré syndrome in South-West Stockholm, 1973-1991. Quality of registered hospital diagnosis and incidence. Acta Neurol Scand. 1995;91:10917.PubMed
  10. Winner  SJ, Evans  JG. Age-specific incidence of Guillain-Barré syndrome in Oxfordshire. Quarterly Journal of Medicine. New Series. 1990;77:1297304.
  11. Box  GEP, Jenkins  GM. Time series analysis, forecasting and control. San Francisco: Holden Day; 1970.
  12. SPSS Base System Syntax Reference Guide. Release 6.0. Carey (NC): SPSS Inc.; 1993.
  13. Myhrman  G. En njursjukdom med egenartad symptombild. [In Swedish]. Nord Med Tidskr. 1934;7:7934.
  14. Gajdusek  DC. Virus haemorrhagic fevers-special reference to haemorrhagic fevers with renal syndrome (epidemic haemorrhagic fever). J Pediatr. 1962;60:84157. DOIPubMed
  15. Wesslén  L, Påhlson  C, Friman  G, Fohlman  J, Lindquist  O, Johansson  C. Myocarditis caused by Chlamydia pneumonie (TWAR) and sudden unexpected death in a Swedish elite orienteer. Lancet. 1992;340:4278. DOIPubMed
  16. Hörnfeldt  B. Synchronous population fluctuations in voles, small game, owls and tularemia in northern Sweden. Oecologia. 1978;32:14152. DOI
  17. Hörnfeldt  B, Löfgren  O, Carlsson  B-G. Cycles in voles and small game in relation to variations in plant production indices in northern Sweden. Oecologia. 1986;68:496502. DOI

Main Article

Page created: December 14, 2010
Page updated: December 14, 2010
Page reviewed: December 14, 2010
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.
file_external