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Volume 4, Number 3—September 1998
ICEID 1998
About Emerging Infectious Diseases

Emerging Infectious Diseases: A Brief Biographical Heritage

D. Peter Drotman
Author affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

Main Article

Table 1

Virchow's recommendations to the Prussian government regarding the typhus epidemic in Upper Silesia, 1848 (2)

Political reform and local self-government, including local coordination of relief efforts
"Education, with its daughters, liberty and prosperity" (3)
Economic reform
Agricultural reforms, including development of cooperatives
Building of roads
Acceptance of Polish as an official language (while most Silesians spoke Polish, nearly all the physicians and school teachers assigned by the central government spoke only German)
Separation of church and state (he criticized the Catholic hierarchy) (4)

Main Article

  1. Eisenberg  L. Rudolf Ludwig Karl Virchow: Where are you now that we need you? Am J Med. 1984;77:52432. DOIPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Silver  GA. Virchow, the heroic model in medicine: Health policy by accolade. Am J Public Health. 1987;77:828.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Virchow  RL. Report on the Typhus Epidemic in Upper Silesia. Translated in: Rather LJ, editor. Rudolf Virchow: Collected Essays on Public Health and Epidemiology, 2 vols. Canton (MA): Science History Publications 1985:311.
  4. Taylor  R, Rieger  A. Medicine as a social science: Rudolf Virchow on the typhus epidemic in Upper Silesia. Int J Health Serv. 1985;15:54759.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Lederberg  J, Shope  RE, Oaks  SC, eds. Emerging Infections: Microbial Threats to the United States. Washington: National Academy Press, 1992.

Main Article

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