Volume 5, Number 6—December 1999
Toxic Shock Syndrome in the United States: Surveillance Update, 1979–19961
|Characteristic||1979-80 (n = 1,392)||No. (%)a by years 1981-86 (n = 2,835)||1987-96 (n = 1,069)||Total cases (n = 5,296)|
|Female||1,365 (98)||2,594 (92)||958 (90)||4,917 (93)|
|Median age (yrs), (range)||21 (1-70)||22 (1-87)||25 (3d-82)||22 (3d-87)|
|White race||1,067 (77)||2,564 (90)||967 (90)||4,598 (91)|
|Menstrual cases||1,264 (91)||2,021 (71)||636 (59)||3,921 (74)|
|Deaths (Case-fatality ratio [%])||77 (6)||95 (3.5)||36 (3.5)||208 (4)|
aCalculations were done by using as denominator the number of persons for whom the information on the specific characteristic was available.
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1Presented in part at the European Conference on Toxic Shock Syndrome, Royal Society of Medicine, London, September 1997, and at the International Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseases, Atlanta, March 1998. (Arbuthnott J, Furman B, editors. European conference on toxic shock syndrome, 1997. London [UK]: The Royal Society of Medicine Press Limited; 1998.)