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Volume 7, Number 2—April 2001
THEME ISSUE
4th Decennial International Conference on Nosocomial and Healthcare-Associated Infections
Prevention is Primary

Preventing Infections in Non-Hospital Settings: Long-Term Care

Lindsay E. NicolleComments to Author 
Author affiliation: University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada

Main Article

Table 2

Microorganisms reported to cause outbreaks in long-term care facilities (1)

Viruses Bacteria Parasites, ectoparasites
Influenza A,B Group A Streptococcus Giardia lamblia
Parainfluenza Staphylococcus aureus Entamoeba histolytica
Respiratory syncytial virus Streptococcus pneumoniae Sarcopties scabies
Caliciviruses Haemophilus influenzae
Adenovirus Bordetella pertussis
Rhinovirus Salmonella spp.
Coronavirus Shigella spp.
Rotavirus Campylobacter jejuni
Aeromonas hydrophila
Escherichia coli O157:H7
Clostridium perfringens
Bacillus cereus
Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Main Article

References
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  2. Nicolle  LE. Asymptomatic bacteriuria in the elderly. Infect Dis Clin North Am. 1997;11:64762. DOIPubMed
  3. Bradley  SF. Long-term Care Committee of the Society for Health Care Epidemiology of America. Prevention of influenza in long-term care facilities. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 1999;20:62937. DOIPubMed
  4. Strausbaugh  LJ, Crossley  KB, Nurse  BA, Thrupp  LD; SHEA Long-term Care Committee. Antimicrobial resistance in long-term care facilities. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 1995;17:1209.PubMed
  5. Crossley  K. Long-term Care Committee of the Society for Health Care Epidemiology of America. Vancomycin-resistant enterococci in long-term care facilities. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 1998;19:5215. DOIPubMed
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  9. Nicolle  LE, Bentley  D, Garibaldi  R, Neuhaus  E, Smith  P; SHEA Long-term Care Committee. Antimicrobial use in long-term care facilities. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 1996;17:11928. DOIPubMed
  10. Orr  P, Nicolle  LE, Duckworth  H, Brunka  J, Kennedy  J, Murray  D, Febrile urinary infection in the institutionalized elderly. Am J Med. 1996;100:717. DOIPubMed
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  12. Smith  PW. Development of nursing home infection control. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 1999;20:3035. DOIPubMed
  13. Smith  PW, Rusnak  PG. Guideline for infection prevention and control in the long-term care facility. Am J Infect Control. 1991;19:198215. DOIPubMed
  14. Murphy  S, West  KP, Greenough  WB, Cherot  E, Katz  J, Clement  L. Impact of vitamin A supplementation on the incidence of infection in elderly nursing home residents: A randomized controlled trial. Age Ageing. 1992;21:4359. DOIPubMed
  15. Graham  S, McIntyre  M, Chicoine  J, Gerard  B, Laughren  R, Cowley  G, Frequency of changing enteral alimentation bags and tubing and adverse clinical outcomes in patients of a long-term care facility. Can J Infect Control. 1993;8:413.PubMed
  16. Strausbaugh  LJ, Jacobson  C, Sewell  DL, Potter  S, Ward  TT. Antimicrobial therapy for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus colonization in residents and staff of a Veteran's Affairs nursing home care unit. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 1992;13:1519. DOIPubMed
  17. Duffy  LM, Cleary  J, Ahern  S, Kushowski  MA, West  M, Wheeler  L, Clean intermittent catheterization: Safe, cost-effective bladder management for male residents of VA nursing homes. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1995;43:86570.PubMed

Main Article

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