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Volume 8, Number 1—January 2002


Enhancing Public Health Surveillance for Influenza Virus by Incorporating Newly Available Rapid Diagnostic Tests

Paul V. EfflerComments to Author , Man-Cheng Ieong, Tammy Tom, and Michele Nakata
Author affiliations: Hawaii State Department of Health, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA;

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Table 1

Number of influenza cultures submitted, isolates obtained, sub-typed and antigenically characterized, and the number of providers participating in surveillance, compiled by influenza season, Hawaii

Influenza season a
Number of: 1997-1998 1998-1999 1999-2000b 2000-2001b
Cultures submitted 306 396 1112 2169
Influenza isolates 73 44 137 491
Influenza A isolates 73 35 136 202
(Number subtyped) (10) (20) (0) (159)
Influenza B isolates 0 9 1 289
Providers submitting one or more cultures 25 34 196 327

aThe influenza season was defined as the period beginning with week 40 of the first year extending through week 20 of the next year, i.e. early-October though mid-May.
bRapid tests incorporated into influenza surveillance during this season. 

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