Volume 8, Number 6—June 2002
Three Drinking-Water–Associated Cryptosporidiosis Outbreaks, Northern Ireland
- Peng MM, Xiao L, Freeman AR, Arrowood MJ, Escalante AA, Weltman AC, Genetic polymorphism among Cryptosporidium parvum isolates: evidence of two distinct human transmission cycles. Emerg Infect Dis. 1997;3:567–73.
- McLauchlin J, Amar C, Pedraza-Diaz S, Nichols GL. Molecular epidemiological analysis of Cryptosporidium spp. in the United Kingdom: results of genotyping Cryptosporidium spp. in 1,705 fecal samples from humans and 105 fecal samples from livestock animals. J Clin Microbiol. 2000;38:3984–90.
- Sulaiman IM, Lal AA, Xiao L. A population genetic study of the Cryptosporidium parvum human genotype parasites. J Eukaryot Microbiol. 2001. In press.
- Peng MM, Matos O, Gatei W, Das P, Stantic-Pavlinic M, Bern C, A comparison of Cryptosporidium subgenotypes from several geographic regions. J Eukaryot Microbiol. 2001. In press.
- Sulaiman I, Xiao L, Yang C, Escalante L, Moore A, Beard CB, Differentiating human from animal isolates of Cryptosporidium parvum. Emerg Infect Dis. 1998;4:681–5.
- Ong CSL, Eisler DL, Goh SH, Tomblin J, Awad-El-Kariem FM, Beard CB, Molecular epidemiology of cryptosporidiosis outbreaks and transmission in British Columbia, Canada. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1999;61:63–9.
- Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre. Foodborne and other gastro-intestinal outbreaks reported to CDSC (NI), Jan–June 2000. Communicable Diseases Monthly Report Northern Ireland Edition 2000;9:1.
- Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre. Cryptosporidiosis incident. Communicable Diseases Monthly Report Northern Ireland Edition 2000;9:1.
- Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre. Outbreak of cryptosporidiosis. Communicable Diseases Monthly Report Northern Ireland Edition 2001;10:1–2.
- Spano F, Putignani L, McLauchlin J, Casemore DP, Crisanti A. PCR-RFLP analysis of the Cryptosporidium oocyst wall protein (COWP) gene discriminates between C. wrairi and C. parvum, and between C. parvum isolates of human and animal origin. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 1997;150:209–17.
- Ryley JF, Meade R, Hazelhurst J, Robinson TE. Methods in coccidiosis research: separation of oocysts from faeces. Parasitology. 1976;73:311.
- Xiao L, Bern C, Limor J, Sulaiman I, Roberts J, Checkley W, Identification of 5 types of Cryptosporidium parasites in children in Lima, Peru. J Infect Dis. 2001;183:492–7.
- Strong WB, Gut J, Nelson RG. Cloning and sequence analysis of a highly polymorphic Cryptosporidium parvum gene encoding a 60-kilodalton glycoprotein and characterization of its 15- and 45-kilodalton zoite surface antigen products. Infect Immun. 2000;68:4117–34.
- Xiao L, Singh A, Limor J, Graczyk TK, Gradus S, Lal AA. Molecular characterization of Cryptosporidium oocysts in samples of raw surface and wastewater. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2001;67:1097–101.
- Xiao L, Escalante L, Yang C, Sulaiman IM, Escalante AA, Montali R, Phylogenetic analysis of Cryptosporidium parasites based on the small-subunit RNA gene locus. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1999;65:1578–83.
- Xiao L, Alderisio K, Limor J, Royer M, Lal AA. Identification of species and sources of Cryptosporidium oocysts in storm waters with a small subunit rRNA-based diagnostic and genotyping tool. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2000;66:5492–8.
Page created: July 16, 2010
Page updated: July 16, 2010
Page reviewed: July 16, 2010
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.