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Volume 9, Number 1—January 2003


Texas Lifestyle Limits Transmission of Dengue Virus

Paul Reiter*Comments to Author , Sarah Lathrop*, Michel L. Bunning*, Brad J. Biggerstaff*, Daniel Singer*, Tejpratap Tiwari*, Laura Baber†, Manuel Amador*, Jaime Thirion‡, Jack Hayes§, Calixto Seca¶, Jorge Mendez‡, Bernardo Ramirez#, Jerome Robinson†, Julie Rawlings¶, Vance Vorndam*, Stephen Waterman*, Duane Gubler*, Gary Clark*, and Edward Hayes*
Author affiliations: *Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA; †City of Laredo Health Department, Laredo, Texas, USA; ‡Secretaria de Salud, Mexico City, Mexico; §University of Texas, Boerne, Texas, USA; ¶Texas Department of Health, Laredo, Texas, USA; #Secretaria de Salud de Tamaulipas, Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas, Mexico

Main Article

Table 2

Selected housing and travel characteristics in Nuevo Laredo and Laredo residents

Characteristic Nuevo Laredo Laredo
Central air-conditioning 2% 36%
Room air conditioner 23% 52%
Evaporative cooler 29% 17%
Screens on windows 54% 78%
Intact window screens 36% 60%
Mean no. occupants/residence 4.5 3.8
Mean distance to neighbors (m) 3.0 4.5
No travel outside Laredo/Nuevo Laredo area 70% 63%
Crossed border within 3 months of survey 52% 43%

Main Article

1The investigation plan was reviewed by the Human Subjects Coordinator at the National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and determined to be a public health response that did not require further human subjects review. Blood samples were taken only from consenting adults.