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Volume 9, Number 12—December 2003


Risk Factors for Marburg Hemorrhagic Fever, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Daniel G. Bausch*1Comments to Author , Matthias Borchert†2, Thomas Grein‡, Cathy Roth‡, Robert Swanepoel§, Modeste L. Libande¶, Antoine Talarmin#3, Eric Bertherat**4, Jean-Jacques Muyembe-Tamfum¶, Ben Tugume††, Robert Colebunders†, Kader M. Kond采5, Patricia Pirard§§, Loku L. Olinda¶, Guénaël R. Rodier‡, Patricia Campbell¶¶, Oyewale Tomori‡‡, Thomas G. Ksiazek*, and Pierre E. Rollin*
Author affiliations: *Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta Georgia, USA; †Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium; ‡World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland; §National Institute for Communicable Diseases, Johannesburg, South Africa; ¶Ministry of Health, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; #Institut Pasteur, Cayenne, French Guiana; **Le Pharo, Marseille, France; ††Uganda Virus Research Institute, Entebbe, Uganda; ‡‡World Health Organization, AFRO, Harare, Zimbabwe; §§Doctors without Borders, Brussels, Belgium; ¶¶Doctors without Borders, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; 1Present address: Tulane School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, LA, USA.; 2Present address: London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, England.; 3Present address: Institut Pasteur, Bangui, Central African Republic.; 4Present address: World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.; 5Present address: World Health Organization, AFRO, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.

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Table 2

Duration of time spent working in mines and Marburg immunoglobulin G antibody status among 281 active miners in Durba, Democratic Republic of the Congo, 1999

Time in mines Antibody positive (+ SEM)
(n = 13) Antibody negative (+ SEM)
(n = 268) p value
At present mine site (y)
Usual h/wk working in mine
Usual h in mine without exiting
6.6 + 1.0
58.2 + 9.2
24.2 + 6.1
10.3 + 0.6
49.5 + 1.7
16.0 + 0.9
Longest stint in mine (h) 38.8 + 10.2 28.8 + 1.8 0.16

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