Volume 9, Number 6—June 2003
Bioterrorism-related Inhalational Anthrax in an Elderly Woman, Connecticut, 2001
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Update: investigation of bioterrorism-related anthrax and interim guidelines for clinical evaluation of persons with possible anthrax. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2001;50:941–8.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Update: investigation of bioterrorism-related inhalational anthrax—Connecticut, 2001. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2001;50:1049–51.
- Barakat LA, Quentzel HL, Jernigan JA, Kirschke DL, Griffith K, Spear SM, Fatal inhalational anthrax in a 94-year-old Connecticut woman. JAMA. 2002;287:863–8.
- Jernigan J, Stephens D, Ashford D, Omenaca C, Topiel MS, Galbraith M, Bioterrorism-related inhalational anthrax: the first 10 cases reported in the United States. Emerg Infect Dis. 2001;7:933–44.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Update: investigation of bioterrorism-related anthrax and interim guidelines for exposure management and antimicrobial therapy, October 2001. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2001;50:909–19.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Epidemiologic notes and reports: anthrax—Connecticut. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 1968;17:102.
- Keim P, Price L, Klevytska A, Smith KL, Schupp JM, Okinaka R, Multiple-locus variable-number tandem repeat analysis reveals genetic relationships with Bacillus anthracis. J Bacteriol. 2000;182:2928–36.
- Hoffmaster AR, Fitzgerald CC, Ribot E, Mayer LW, Popovic T. Molecular subtyping of Bacillus anthracis and the 2001 bioterrorism-associated anthrax outbreak, United States. Emerg Infect Dis. 2002;8:1111–6.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Update: investigation of bioterrorism-related anthrax—Connecticut, 2001. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2001;50:1077–9.
- Williams AA, Parashar UD, Stoica A, Ridzon R, Kirschke DL, Meyer RF, Bioterrorism-related anthrax surveillance, Connecticut, September–December, 2001. Emerg Infect Dis. 2002;8:1078–82.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Comprehensive procedures for collecting environmental samples for culturing Bacillus anthracis (revised April 2002). Accessed March 2003. Available from URL: http://www.bt.cdc.gov/agent/anthrax/environmental-sampling-apr2002.asp
- Teshale EH, Painter J, Burr GA, Mead P, Wright SV, Cseh LF, Environmental sampling for spores of Bacillus anthracis. Emerg Infect Dis. 2002;8:1083–7.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Evaluation of Bacillus anthracis contamination inside the Brentwood mail processing and distribution center—District of Columbia, October 2001. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2001;50:1129–33.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, American Society of Microbiology, Association of Public Health Laboratories. Basic diagnostic testing protocols for level A laboratories for the presumptive identification of Bacillus anthracis. Accessed March 2003. Available from URL: http://www.bt.cdc.gov/agent/anthrax/LevelAProtocol/ban-la-cp-031802.pdf
- Jernigan DB, Raghunathan PL, Bell BP, Brechner R, Bresnitz EA, Butler JC, Investigation of bioterrorism-related anthrax, United States, 2001: epidemiologic findings. Emerg Infect Dis. 2002;8:1019–28.
- Traeger MS, Wiersma ST, Rosenstein NE, Malecki JM, Shepard CW, Raghunathan PL, First case of bioterrorism-related inhalational anthrax in the United States, Palm Beach, Florida, 2001. Emerg Infect Dis. 2002;8:1029–34.
- Hsu VP, Lukacs SL, Handzel T, Hayslett J, Harper S, Hales T, Opening a Bacillus anthracis–containing envelope, Capitol Hill, Washington, D.C.: the public health response. Emerg Infect Dis. 2002;8:1039–44.
- Ingelsby TV, O’Toole T, Henderson DA, Bartlett JG, Ascher MS, Eitzen E, Anthrax as a biological weapon, 2002: updated recommendations for management. JAMA. 2002;287:2236–52.
- Gleiser CA, Berdjis CC, Hartman HA, Gochenour WS. Pathology of experimental respiratory anthrax in Macaca mulatta. Br J Exp Pathol. 1963;44:416–26.
- Webb GF, Blaser MJ. Mailborne transmission of anthrax: modeling and implications. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002;99:7027–32.
- Holtz TH, Ackelsburg JA, Kool J, Rosselli R, Marfin A, Matte T, Isolated case of inhalational anthrax due to intentional contamination, New York City, 2001. Emerg Infect Dis. 2003; 9.
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