Volume 13, Number 1—January 2007
Saint Louis Encephalitis Virus, Brazil
|Patient no. (age)||Sample tested by RT-PCR||Date of hospital admission||Initial diagnosis at admission||Signs, symptoms, selected laboratory results|
|1 (27 y)||Serum||Feb 25||Dengue fever||Clinical: fever, abdominal pain, diarrhea Serum: AST 58 IU/mL, ALT 69 IU/mL|
|2 (7 mo)||Serum||Mar 06||Dengue hemorrhagic fever, viral encephalitis||Clinical: fever, abdominal pain, melena, petechiae, positive tourniquet test Serum: platelets 311,000 /mm3, hematocrit 29% CSF: 13 cells/mm3, lymphocytes 86%, monocytes 14%|
|3 (37 y)||Serum||Apr 22||Dengue hemorrhagic fever||Clinical: fever, headache, chills, myalgia, maculopapular rash, positive tourniquet test Serum: hematocrit 43%, platelets 280,000/mm3 History: previous DENV infection (2002)|
|4 (34 y)||Serum||Apr 23||Dengue hemorrhagic fever||Clinical: fever, headache, chills, myalgia, maculopapular rash, positive tourniquet test Serum: platelets 141,000/mm3, hematocrit 38%, AST 81 IU/mL, ALT 56 IU/mL|
|5 (5 y)||CSF||Jun 05||Viral meningoencephalitis||Clinical: fever CSF: 286 cells/mm3, lymphocytes 60%, polymorphonuclear cells 37%, eosinophils 3%|
|6 (11 y)||CSF||Jun 07||Viral meningoencephalitis||Clinical: fever, facial palsy CSF: 12 cells/mm3, lymphocytes 100%|
*RT-PCR, reverse transcription–PCR; AST, aspartate aminotransferase; ALT, alanine aminotransferase; CSF, cerebrospinal fluid; DENV, dengue virus.
Page created: June 28, 2010
Page updated: June 28, 2010
Page reviewed: June 28, 2010
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.