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Volume 13, Number 10—October 2007
Global Poverty and Human Development


HIV and Tuberculosis in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, 1997–2002

Tran Ngoc Buu*†, Rein M.G.J. Houben‡§1, Hoang Thi Quy*, Nguyen Thi Ngoc Lan*, Martien W. Borgdorff†‡, and Frank G.J. Cobelens†‡Comments to Author 
Author affiliations: *Pham Ngoc Thach TB and Lung Disease Hospital, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam; †Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; ‡KNCV Tuberculosis Foundation, The Hague, the Netherlands; §University Medical Center St Radboud, Nijmegen, the Netherlands;

Main Article

Table 3

Time trends for HIV among tuberculosis patients in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, 1997–2002*

Variable OR† (95% CI) p value‡
Age, y 0.001
<24 4.49 (1.3–15.3)
25–34 2.82 (0.9–8.6)
35–44 0.67 (0.2–2.3)
>44§ 1
Risk category 0.005
IDU 10.56 (1.6–66.6)
Non-IDU§ 1

*OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval; IDU, injection drug user.
†OR from time × variable in model; OR>1 indicates a faster rise in HIV prevalence in that category than in the baseline category.
‡p value for likelihood ratio χ2 test for excluding variable from model.
§Baseline category.

Main Article

1Current affiliation: London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK