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Volume 13, Number 6—June 2007


Molecular Characteristics and Epidemiology of Meningococcal Carriage, Burkina Faso, 2003

Judith E. Mueller*Comments to Author , Lassana Sangaré†, Berthe-Marie Njanpop-Lafourcade*, Zekiba Tarnagda‡, Yves Traoré§, Seydou Yaro¶, Raymond Borrow#, Bradford D. Gessner*, and Pierre Nicolas**
Author affiliations: *Agence de Médecine Préventive, Paris, France; †Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Yalgado Ouédraogo, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso; ‡Institut de Recherche en Science de la Santé, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso; §Université de Ouagadougou, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso; ¶Centre Muraz, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso; #Health Protection Agency, Manchester, United Kingdom; **Institut de Médecine Tropicale du Service de Santé des Arnées, Marseille, France;

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Table 5

Overview of meningococci reported from meningitis patients in West Africa and the African meningitis belt, 2000–2005*

Sequence type (ST) Phenotype Place and time of meningococcal disease cases
ST-11 W135:2a:P1.5,2 Sporadic in Cameroon, Senegal, Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Chad, Niger, and Ghana since 2003. Epidemic and major seasonal agent in Burkina Faso during 2002–2004 (including Bobo-Dioulasso)
W135:NT:P1.5,2 Sporadic in Bobo-Dioulasso, 2004
W135:2a:P1.2, W135:NT:P1.2 Sporadic in Niger, 2003
Y:14:P1.5,2 Sporadic in Bobo-Dioulasso, 2004
ST-1966 (ST-11 complex) W135:2a:P1.5,2 Sporadic in Burkina Faso
ST-2881 W135:NT:P1.5,2 Sporadic in Benin since 2003. Major seasonal agent in Niger during 2003
ST-5 A:4:P1.9, A:21:P1.9 Major seasonal agent in Niger, Senegal, and Burkina Faso during 2000–2001
ST-7 (ST-5 complex) A:4:P1.9, A:21:P1.9 Major seasonal agent and epidemic in Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Senegal, Benin, Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, and Nigeria
ST-2859 (ST-5 complex) A:4:P1.9, A:21:P1.9 Major seasonal agent and epidemic in Burkina Faso since 2003 (including Bobo-Dioulasso)
ST-751 X:NT:P1.5, X:NT:P1.5,2 Sporadic in Burkina Faso (including Bobo-Dioulasso), Niger, and Ghana
ST-181 X:NT:P1.5 Sporadic in Niger
ST-2880 Y:14:P1.5,2 Sporadic in Niger
ST-4375 (ST-23 complex) Polyagglutinable:14:P1.5,2 Sporadic in Bobo-Dioulasso, 2004
W135:NT:P1.5,2 Sporadic in Bobo-Dioulasso, 2004
ST-23 (ST-23 complex) Y:14:NST Sporadic in Senegal
ST-32, ST-2496 (ST-32 complex), ST-291 (ST-41/44 complex) C:4:P1.16, B:4:P1.16, B:4:P1.7,16, B:4:P1.9 Sporadic in Cameroon
Sporadic in Bobo-Dioulasso, 2003 and 2004
*Data were obtained from references 1,5,16,17,2022, and the Neisseria multilocus sequencing typing website ( neisseria).

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