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Volume 13, Number 7—July 2007


Brazilian Vaccinia Viruses and Their Origins

Giliane S. Trindade*1, Ginny L. Emerson*1, Darin S. Carroll*, Erna G.†, and Inger K. Damon*Comments to Author 

Author affiliations: *Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; †Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil;

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Table 3

Brazilian Vaccinia viruses and vaccine strains used in Brazil*

VirusYear of
isolationSourcePlace of isolation and biomeReference
VACV-LIS1870Prussian soldierVaccine Institute, Cologne, Germany (3)
VACV-WR1876NYCBH strainNew York City Department of Health Laboratory (3)
SAV†1961Rodent, sentinel miceSão Paulo State, Atlantic tropical rainforest, Brazil (6)
BAV1963Rodent, Oryzomys sp.Para State, Amazon tropical rainforest, Brazil (4,5)
VBH1998Rodent, BALB-c miceMinas Gerais State, Cerrado woodland/savanna, Brazil (9)
ARAV1999CowSão Paulo State, Cerrado woodland/savanna Brazil (7)
CTGV1999CowRio de Janeiro State, Atlantic tropical rainforest, Brazil (8)
GP1V2001CowMinas Gerais State, Atlantic tropical rainforest, Brazil (13)
GP2V2001CowMinas Gerais State, Atlantic tropical rainforest (13)
PSTV2003CowMinas Gerais State, Atlantic tropical rainforest, Brazil (11)
VACV-IOCND†Probable Paris strainND (3,8)

* VACV, vaccinia virus; LIS, Lister; WR, Western Reserve; NYCBH, New York City Board of Health; SAV, SpAn232 virus; BAV, BeAn 58058 virus; VBH, Belo Horizonte virus; ARAV, Araçatuba virus; CTGV, Cantagalo virus; GP, Guarani virus; PSTV, Passatempo virus; IOC, Oswaldo Cruz Institute; ND, not determined.
†This virus was studied by the viral laboratory in Minas Gerais State in 1979 and cloned in Vero cells during the 1990s (4). It was originally collected and referred to as Cotia virus, which was repeatedly isolated throughout the 1960s and 1970s by the Adolfo Lutz Institute in Brazil (33).

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1These authors contributed equally to this work.