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Volume 14, Number 1—January 2008
International Polar Year

Wild Bird Influenza Survey, Canada, 2005

E. Jane Parmley*†Comments to Author , Nathalie Bastien‡, Timothy F. Booth‡, Victoria Bowes§, Peter A. Buck¶, Andre Breault#, Dale Caswell**, Pierre-Yves Daoust††‡‡, J. Chris Davies§§, Seyyed Mehdy Elahi¶¶, Madeleine Fortin##, Fred Kibenge††, Robin King***, Yan Li‡, Norman North†††, Davor Ojkic‡‡‡, John Pasick§§§, Sydney Paul Pryor¶¶¶, John Robinson§, Jean Rodrigue###, Hugh Whitney****, Patrick Zimmer††††, and Frederick A. Leighton††††
Author affiliations: *Centre for Coastal Health, Nanaimo, British Columbia, Canada; †Canadian Cooperative Wildlife Health Centre, Nanaimo, British Columbia, Canada; ‡Public Health Agency of Canada, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada; §British Columbia Ministry of Agriculture and Lands, Abbotsford, British Columbia, Canada; ¶Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada; #Canadian Wildlife Service, Delta, British Columbia, Canada; **Canadian Wildlife Service, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada; ††University of Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada; ‡‡Canadian Cooperative Wildlife Center, Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada; §§Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Peterborough, Ontario, Canada; ¶¶University of Montréal, St.-Hyacinthe, Québec, Canada; ##Ministère de l'Agriculture, des Pêcheries et de l'Alimentation du Québec, Québec, Québec, Canada; ***Alberta Agriculture and Food, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada; †††Canadian Wildlife Service, London, Ontario, Canada; ‡‡‡University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada; §§§Canadian Food Inspection Agency, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada; ¶¶¶Canadian Wildlife Service, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada; ###Canadian Wildlife Service, Ste.-Foy, Québec, Canada; ****Newfoundland and Labrador Department of Natural Resources, St. John’s, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada; ††††Canadian Cooperative Wildlife Centre, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada;

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Table 1

Duck species sampled in 2005 and RRT-PCR results, Canada*

Common nameTaxonomic nameNo. sampledNo. M1-positive (%)No. H5-positive (%)
Mallard†Anas platyrhynchos2,6001148 (44)187 (7)
American black duck†A. rubripes29399 (34)2 (1%)
American wigeon†A. americana10133 (33)0
Blue-winged teal†A. discors431105 (24)2
Cinnamon teal†A. cyanoptera41 (25)0
Gadwall†A. strepera361 (3)0
Green-winged teal†A. crecca22452 (23)5 (2)
Northern pintail†A. acuta13126 (20)4 (3)
Northern shoveler†A. clypeata400
Wood duck‡Aix sponsa10471 (68)2 (2)
Common goldeneye§Bucephala clangula182 (11)0
Canvasback§Aythya valisineria1900
Hooded merganser§Lophodytes cucullatus268 (31)0
Lesser scaup§Aythya affinis100
Redhead§Aythya americana22318 (8)6 (3)
Ring-necked duck§Aythya collaris518 (16)0
Ruddy duck¶Oxyura jamaicensis200

*RRT-PCR, real-time reverse transcriptase–PCR.
†Dabbling duck (Tribe Anatini).
‡Perching duck (Tribe Cairinini).
§Diving duck (Tribe Aythini and Tribe Mergini).
¶Ruddy duck (Tribe Oxyurini).

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Page created: July 08, 2010
Page updated: July 08, 2010
Page reviewed: July 08, 2010
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.