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Volume 14, Number 1—January 2008
International Polar Year

Wild Bird Influenza Survey, Canada, 2005

E. Jane Parmley*†Comments to Author , Nathalie Bastien‡, Timothy F. Booth‡, Victoria Bowes§, Peter A. Buck¶, Andre Breault#, Dale Caswell**, Pierre-Yves Daoust††‡‡, J. Chris Davies§§, Seyyed Mehdy Elahi¶¶, Madeleine Fortin##, Fred Kibenge††, Robin King***, Yan Li‡, Norman North†††, Davor Ojkic‡‡‡, John Pasick§§§, Sydney Paul Pryor¶¶¶, John Robinson§, Jean Rodrigue###, Hugh Whitney****, Patrick Zimmer††††, and Frederick A. Leighton††††
Author affiliations: *Centre for Coastal Health, Nanaimo, British Columbia, Canada; †Canadian Cooperative Wildlife Health Centre, Nanaimo, British Columbia, Canada; ‡Public Health Agency of Canada, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada; §British Columbia Ministry of Agriculture and Lands, Abbotsford, British Columbia, Canada; ¶Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada; #Canadian Wildlife Service, Delta, British Columbia, Canada; **Canadian Wildlife Service, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada; ††University of Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada; ‡‡Canadian Cooperative Wildlife Center, Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada; §§Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Peterborough, Ontario, Canada; ¶¶University of Montréal, St.-Hyacinthe, Québec, Canada; ##Ministère de l'Agriculture, des Pêcheries et de l'Alimentation du Québec, Québec, Québec, Canada; ***Alberta Agriculture and Food, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada; †††Canadian Wildlife Service, London, Ontario, Canada; ‡‡‡University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada; §§§Canadian Food Inspection Agency, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada; ¶¶¶Canadian Wildlife Service, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada; ###Canadian Wildlife Service, Ste.-Foy, Québec, Canada; ****Newfoundland and Labrador Department of Natural Resources, St. John’s, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada; ††††Canadian Cooperative Wildlife Centre, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada;

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Table 2

Sample sizes and RRT-PCR results for each sampling area included in the 2005 wild duck survey for influenza A viruses, Canada*

Region/area (no. sites sampled)No. valid samplesNo. M1 RRT-PCR positive (%)No. H5 RRT-PCR positive (%)†
British Columbia interior (2)
351 (55)
161 (25)
Northern (6)26030 (12)0
Central (1)26225 (10)0
Southern (2)
22 (9)
Western (1)17521 (12)0
Central (1)17425 (10)3 (2)
Eastern (1)
48 (27)
1 (1)
Southwestern (3)269135 (50)3 (1)
Southcentral (2)2311 (49)1 (4)
Central (1)4824 (50)0
Eastern (2)144103 (72)3 (2)
Northern (3)
66 (23)
2 (1)
Southern (5)556348 (63)28 (5)
Eastern (8)
32 (14)
Atlantic provinces‡
Northern New Brunswick (1)156 (40)0
Central New Brunswick (2)209 (20)0
New Brunswick–Nova Scotia border (10)646290 (45)6 (1)
Prince Edward Island (4)2113 (62)0
Newfoundland and Labrador (1)
8 (11)
Total4,268§1,572 (37)208 (5)

*RRT-PCR, real-time reverse transcriptase–PCR.
†All M1-positive samples were subsequently tested for H5.
‡New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, and Newfoundland and Labrador.
§The sampling area of 8 ducks was not recorded (3 from Alberta, 1 from Ontario, 4 from Québec).

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Page created: July 08, 2010
Page updated: July 08, 2010
Page reviewed: July 08, 2010
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