Volume 14, Number 5—May 2008
Scale-up of Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis Laboratory Services, Peru
|Population in Lima||7,300,000|
|Average life expectancy, y||69|
|Infant mortality rate||31/100,000 live births|
|GDP per capita||$2,500|
|Population living in poverty||54%|
|National HIV prevalence||0.6%|
|Estimated no. HIV positive||60,000–80,000|
|No. receiving HIV therapy||9,157|
|MDR TB in new patients||3%|
|MDR TB in previously treated patients||12.3%|
|TB in HIV patients||≈30%|
|HIV in TB patients||≈3%|
|MDR TB in co-infected patients||30%–47%|
|Mortality rate among co-infected patients†||<38%|
|Mortality rate among MDR TB–HIV patients||<57%|
*GDP, gross domestic product; MDR TB, multidrug-resistant TB.
†Co-infected with HIV and TB but not necessarily MDR-TB.
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