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Volume 14, Number 7—July 2008


Household Responses to School Closure Resulting from Outbreak of Influenza B, North Carolina

April J. Johnson*Comments to Author , Zack S. Moore*†, Paul J. Edelson*, Lynda Kinnane‡, Megan Davies*†, David K. Shay*, Amanda Balish*, Meg McCarron*, Lenee Blanton*, Lyn Finelli*, Francisco Averhoff*, Joseph Bresee*, Jeffrey Engel†, and Anthony Fiore*
Author affiliations: *Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; †North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA; ‡Toe River Health District, Burnsville, North Carolina, USA;

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Table 4

Employment and childcare status of adults and households during school closure, Yancey County, North Carolina, 2006*

Characteristic Value
Adults employed outside home (N = 438)
315 (72)
Occupations of those employed outside home (N = 315)
Healthcare 35 (11)
Education 36 (11)
27 (9)
No. homes where all adults in home employed (N = 220) 118 (54)
Adults who can work from home (in homes where all adults in the house work outside the home, N = 218)
39 (18)
Missed worked from Oct 23 through Nov 15 (N = 315) 76 (24)
Median no. days missed (range)
3 (1–14)
Reason for missed work (N = 76)
Own illness 36 (47)
Had to take care of ill family members 18 (24)
School closure
14 (18)
Childcare (N = 220)
Someone home during the day who could provide childcare 167 (76)
Had to make special arrangements 22 (10)
Child had to spend >1 nights away from home for childcare purposes 7 (3)
Had to spend extra money for childcare 2 (1)

*Values are no. (%) unless otherwise indicated.

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