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Volume 14, Number 8—August 2008


Diverse Contexts of Zoonotic Transmission of Simian Foamy Viruses in Asia

Lisa Jones-Engel*Comments to Author , Cynthia C. May†, Gregory A. Engel*‡, Katherine A. Steinkraus†, Michael A. Schillaci, Agustin Fuentes¶, Aida Rompis#, Mukesh K. Chalise**, Nantiya Aggimarangsee††, Mohammed M. Feeroz‡‡, Richard Grant*1, Jonathan S. Allan§§, Arta Putra#, I. Nengah Wandia#, Robin Watanabe*, LaRene Kuller*, Satawat Thongsawat††, Romanee Chaiwarith††, Randall C. Kyes*, and Maxine L. Linial†
Author affiliations: *University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA; †Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle; ‡Swedish Hospital, Seattle; §University of Toronto, Scarborough, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; ¶Notre Dame University, Notre Dame, Indiana, USA; #Universitas Udayana, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia; **Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal; ††Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand; ‡‡Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh; §§Southwest Foundation for Biomedical Research, San Antonio, Texas, USA;

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Table 3

Exposure characteristics of SFV-positive persons who had had contact with nonhuman primates, Asia*

PersonSequenceSex/age, yLocationContext of contactNonhuman primate contactedReported exposures
HCM2NAM/56Southern ThailandPrimate owner, petMacaca nemestrinaMultiple bites and scratches
HMS14NAF/44Northern ThailandVillage resident, temple and petM. assamensis and 
M. arctoidesBleeding scratches
HMS50NAM/43Northern ThailandVillage resident, templeM. assamensisNone
HUB7NAM/35UB, Bali, IndonesiaTemple worker, templeM. fascicularis>4 bites over many y
HAD38gagF/32AK, Bali, IndonesiaTemple worker, templeM. fascicularis2 bites within 1 y + 1 scratch
HAD3gagpolM/58AK, Bali, IndonesiaTemple worker, primate owner, temple and petM. fascicularisMultiple bites, scratches
NH2NAF/36Kathmandu, NepalVillage resident, templeM. mulattaSevere bite
BGH4gagF/19DH, BangladeshVillage resident, urbanM. mulattaSevere bite 17 y ago

*SFV, Simian foamy virus; NA, not applicable. All persons were confirmed SFV positive by Western blot.

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1Current affilation: SNBL USA Ltd., Everett, Washington, USA.