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Volume 15, Number 10—October 2009


Nontuberculous Mycobacteria–associated Lung Disease in Hospitalized Persons, United States, 1998–2005

Megan E. Billinger, Kenneth N. Olivier, Cecile Viboud, Ruben Montes de Oca, Claudia A. Steiner, Steven M. Holland, and D. Rebecca PrevotsComments to Author 
Author affiliations: George Washington University, Washington, DC, USA (M.E. Billinger); National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA (K.N. Olivier, C. Viboud, R. Montes de Oca, S.M. Holland, D.R. Prevots); Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, Maryland, USA (C. Steiner)

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Table 2

Primary diagnoses, non-AIDS pulmonary NTM-associated hospitalizations, HCUP-SID, USA, 1998–2005*

ICD-9 code
Primary diagnosis
No. (%)
0310 Pulmonary NTM 5,148 (31.25)
482 Pneumonia 1,156 (7.01)
49121 Obstructive chronic bronchitis with acute exacerbation 821 (4.98)
51881 Acute respiratory failure 392 (2.38)
4280 Congestive heart failure, unspecified 225 (1.37)
4941 Bronchiectasis with acute exacerbation 216 (1.31)
2765 Volume depletion 196 (1.19)
515 Postinflammatory pulmonary fibrosis 186 (1.13)
5070 Aspiration pneumonia caused by inhalation of food/vomitus 176 (1.07)
Other primary diagnosis <1% of population 7,959 (48.3)

*NTM, nontuberculous mycobacteria; HCUP, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project; SID, state inpatient databases; ICD-9, International Statistical Classification of Diseases, Revision 9.

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