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Volume 15, Number 2—February 2009


Epidemiology of Vibrio parahaemolyticus Outbreaks, Southern Chile

Erika Harth1, Luis Matsuda, Cristina Hernández, Maria L. Rioseco, Jaime Romero, Narjol González-Escalona, Jaime Martínez-Urtaza, and Romilio T. EspejoComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile (E. Harth, L. Matsuda, J. Romero, R.T. Espejo); Secretaría Regional Ministerial de Salud, Puerto Montt, Chile (C. Hernández); Hospital Regional de Puerto Montt, Puerto Montt (M.L. Rioseco); Food and Drug Administration, College Park, Maryland, USA (N. González-Escalona); Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Spain (J. Martínez-Urtaza); 1Current affiliation: Helmholtz Centre of Infection Research, Braunschweig, Germany.

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Table 2

Properties of Vibrio parahaemolyticus isolates from shellfish from Puerto Montt, Chile, summer 2007*

Isolate tlh tdh trh orf8 ToxRS/new DGREA group MLST ST†
PMA4.7, 5.7, 6.7, 7.7, 8.7,15.7, 16.7, 17.7, 19.7, 20.7, 22.7, 23.7, 24.7, 25.7, 26.7, 27.7, 28.7, 33.7, 37.7, 41.7, 42.7, 43.7, 47.7, 48.7, 49.7 + ND ND 34.6 ND
PMA9.7, 10.7, 12.7, 14.7, 18.7, 38.7 + ND ND 118 10
PMA1.7, 2.7, 3.7 + ND ND 1.7 ND
PMA11.7, 13.7 + ND ND 11.7 ND
PMA21.7 + ND ND 21.7 ND

*orf, open reading frame; DGREA, direct genome restriction enzyme analysis; MLST, multilocus sequence typing; ST, sequence type; ND, not determined.
†Sequences are available from

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