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Volume 15, Number 7—July 2009

Clusters of Multidrug-Resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis Cases, Europe

Isabelle DevauxComments to Author , Kristin Kremer, Herre Heersma, and Dick van Soolingen
Author affiliations: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, Stockholm, Sweden (I. Devaux); National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, the Netherlands (K. Kremer, H. Heersma, D. Van Soolingen)

Main Article

Table 2

Number of genotyped MDR TB strains in 19 European countries, with cluster status, by country, January 2003 through June 2007*

Country Genotyped strains European clusters, 
no. (%) National clusters, 
no. (%)
Belgium† 15 7 (47) 7 (47)
Croatia 5 0 5 (100)
Czech Republic 11 3 (27)
Denmark 4 1 (25) 1 (25)
Estonia 228 183 (80)
Finland 7 3 (43) 5 (71)
France 63 10 (16) 24 (38)
Germany 17 8 (47) 9 (53)
Ireland 3 1 (33)
Israel 39 18 (46) 32 (82)
Italy 25 0
Lithuania 56 18 (32) 43 (77)
Netherlands 44 11 (25) 17 (39)
Norway 7 2 (29) 2 (29)
Slovenia 2 0 2 (100)
Spain 50 7 (14) 14 (28)
Sweden 21 9 (43) 9 (43)
Switzerland 25 3 (12)
United Kingdom
4 (8)

Total 672 288 (43) 170 (51)

*MDR TB, multidrug-resistant tuberculosis; –, not available.
†Includes only cases detected at the start of treatment.

Main Article

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