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Volume 15, Number 7—July 2009


Multiple Origins of Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus Serotype Asia 1 Outbreaks, 2003–2007

Jean-Francois Valarcher1, Nick J. KnowlesComments to Author , Valery Zakharov, Alexey Scherbakov, Zhidong Zhang, You-Jun Shang, Zai-Xin Liu, Xiang-Tao Liu, Aniket Sanyal, Divakar Hemadri, Chakradhar Tosh2, Thaha J. Rasool3, Bramhadev Pattnaik, Kate R. Schumann, Tammy R. Beckham4, Wilai Linchongsubongkoch, Nigel P. Ferris, Peter L. Roeder5, and David J. Paton
Author affiliations: Institute for Animal Health, Pirbright, UK (J.-F. Valarcher, N.J. Knowles, Z. Zhang, N.P. Ferris, D.J. Paton); FGI All-Russian Research Institute for Animal Health, Vladimir, Russian Federation (V. Zakharov, A. Scherbakov); Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute, Lanzhou, People’s Republic of China (Y.-J. Shang, Z.-X. Liu, X.-T. Liu); Project Directorate on Foot-and-Mouth Disease, Mukteswar-Kumaon, India (A. Sanyal, D. Hemadri, C. Tosh, T.J. Rasool, B. Pattnaik); Plum Island Animal Disease Center, Orient Point, New York, USA (K.R. Schumann, T.R. Beckham); Regional Reference Laboratory for Foot and Mouth Disease in South East Asia, Pakchong, Thailand (W. Linchongsubongkoch); Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy (P.L. Roeder)

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Countries that have reported outbreaks of foot-and-mouth disease virus serotype Asia 1, 2000–2008*

Country 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
India x x x x x x x x x
Pakistan x x x x x
Iran x x x x x x
Nepal x x x x x x x
Bhutan x
Tajikistan x
Kyrgyzstan x
Afghanistan x x
Turkey x x x
Myanmar x x x
Laos x
Thailand x
Vietnam x x x
People’s Republic of China x x x x
Hong Kong x
Mongolia x
North Korea x
Russian Federation x x

*Since 2005, countries are required to report a change in their foot-and-mouth epidemiologic situation only to the World Organisation for Animal Health.

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1Current affiliation: Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.

2Current affiliation: Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Bhopal, India.

3Current affiliation: Animal Production and Breeding, Krishi Bhavan, New Delhi, India.

4Current affiliation: Texas Veterinary Medical Diagnostic Laboratory, College Station, Texas, USA.

5Current affiliation: Taurus Animal Health, Hampshire, UK.