Volume 16, Number 3—March 2010
Economic Cost Analysis of West Nile Virus Outbreak, Sacramento County, California, USA, 2005
|Item||Cost||No. patients by age, y
|Physician visit for diagnosis or treatment in the western US, cost per case†||$167||86||31||$19,539|
|Diagnostic tests, average cost per case‡
|Productivity loss||Per work day missed§||Per nonwork day missed¶||Total individual cost#|
|Value of a lost day
|Total costs for WNF||$136,839|
*WNF, West Nile fever; BLS, Bureau of Labor Statistics, US Department of Labor.
†Estimated by using data from Brown and Beauregard (19) and BLS (15).
‡ELISA immunoglobulin (Ig) G and IgM serum and cerebrospinal fluid. Estimated by using laboratory list prices (ARUP Laboratories, Salt Lake City, UT, USA; Focus Diagnostics Inc., Cypress, CA, USA; Quest Diagnostics Inc., Madison, NJ, USA; Specialty Laboratories, Valencia, CA, USA).
§Estimated by using data from BLS (17).
¶Estimated by using data from Grosse (18) and BLS (17).
#Based on 5 workdays missed per person <60 y and 5 nonwork days missed per person >60 y.
- California Department of Health Services. Division of Communicable Disease Control. West Nile activity in California, 2005 [cited 2008 Nov 28]. http://www.westnile.ca.gov/reports.php?report_category_id=8
- California Department of Public Health. Mosquito and Vector Control Association of California; University of California. California mosquito-borne virus surveillance and response plan [cited 2008 Nov 28]. http://www.westnile.ca.gov/resources.php
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Human West Nile virus (WNV) cases in California, 2005 (reported as of 03/30/2006) [cited 2008 Nov 5]. http://www.westnile.ca.gov/website/maps_data/2005_maps_data/2005%20Human%20WNV%20Case%20Linelist.pdf
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- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. West Nile virus: clinical description [cited 2008 Dec 15]. http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/westnile/clinicians/clindesc.htm#diag
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- State of California Department of Industrial Regulations. California code of regulations. Title 8, CCR §9789.23. Hospital cost to charge ratios, hospital specific outliers, and hospital composite factors [cited 2010 Jan 15]. http://www.dir.ca.gov/dwc/OMFS_Inpatient/OMFS_Inpatient_table9789_23.pdf
- Bureau of Labor Statistics, US Department of Labor. Consumer Price Index, 2003 [cited 2010 Jan 15]. http://www.bls.gov/cpi/cpid03av.pdf
- Bureau of Labor Statistics, US Department of Labor. Consumer Price Index, 2004 [cited 2010 Jan 15]. http://www.bls.gov/cpi/cpid04av.pdf
- Bureau of Labor Statistics, US Department of Labor. Consumer Price Index, 2005 [cited 2010 Jan 15]. http://www.bls.gov/cpi/cpid05av.pdf
- MetLife Mature Market Institute. MetLife, Inc. The MetLife market survey of nursing home and home care costs [cited 2008 Nov 6]. http://www.metlife.com/WPSAssets/41453139101127828650V1F2005%20NH%20and%20HC%20Market%20Survey.pdf
- Bureau of Labor Statistics, US Department of Labor. Sacramento–Yolo, CA, National Compensation Survey, July 2005. Bulletin 3130–48 [cited 2008 Nov 8]. http://www.bls.gov/ncs/ocs/sp/ncbl0789.pdf
- Grosse SD. Appendix I. Productivity loss tables. In: Haddix AC, Teutsch SM, Corso PS, editors. Prevention effectiveness, 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press; 2003. p. 255–7.
- Brown E, Beauregard K. Statistical brief #157. Regional differences in total and out-of-pocket expenditures for selected types of office-based visits, 2004. Rockville (MD): Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; 2007 [cited 2010 Jan 15]. http://www.meps.ahrq.gov/mepsweb/data_files/publications/st157/stat157.pdf
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- Peterson RK, Macedo PA, Davis RS. A human-health risk assessment for West Nile virus and insecticides used in mosquito management. Environ Health Perspect. 2006;114:366–72.
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- Schleier JJ III, Davis RS, Barber LM, Macedo PA, Peterson RK. A probabilistic risk assessment for deployed military personnel after the implementation of the “Leishmaniasis Control Program” at Tallil Air Base, Iraq. J Med Entomol. 2009;46:693–702.
- Schleier JJ III, Peterson RK, Macedo PA, Brown DA. Environmental concentrations, fate, and risk assessment of pyrethrins and piperonyl butoxide after aerial ultralow-volume applications for adult mosquito management. Environ Toxicol Chem. 2008;27:1063–8.
- Suffolk County Department of Public Works and Department of Health Services. Draft generic environmental impact statement [cited 2009 Mar 1]. http://www.suffolkmosquitocontrolplan.org/tasks/task14.html
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