Volume 16, Number 3—March 2010
Economic Cost Analysis of West Nile Virus Outbreak, Sacramento County, California, USA, 2005
||Cost per case†
||No. cases to which cost applies‡
||% Cases to which cost applies§
||Total cost for all cases
||Total cost if treatment/service were used in all cases
|Inpatient treatment costs||$33,143||46||100||$1,524,570||$1,524,570|
|Outpatient costs||Cost per case¶|
|Outpatient hospital treatment||$333||17||36||$5,668||$15,337|
|Outpatient physical therapy||$909||46||100||$41,810||$41,810|
|Nursing home costs||Cost#|
|Nursing home stay**||$190||2||4||$36,195||$36,195|
|Home health aides, babysitters, etc.||$1,569||7||14||$10,983||$505,211|
|Total for WNND||$2,140,409||$2,844,339|
*WNND, West Nile neuroinvasive disease; BLS, Bureau of Labor Statistics of the US Department of Labor.
†Estimated by using 2005 data from California’s Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development (J. Teague and J. Morgan, pers. comm.).
‡WNND cases from the total number of cases reported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (3).
¶Estimated by using data from Zohrabian et al. (10) and updated using data from the US Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) (13–15).
#Estimated by using data from MetLife Mature Market Institute (16), Zohrabian et al. (10), and BLS (13–15).
**Average length of nursing home stay was 96 days.
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