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Volume 17, Number 10—October 2011


Bacterial Causes of Empyema in Children, Australia, 2007–2009

Roxanne E. Strachan, Anita Cornelius, Gwendolyn L. Gilbert, Tanya Gulliver, Andrew Martin, Tim McDonald, Gillian M. Nixon, Rob Roseby, Sarath Ranganathan, Hiran Selvadurai, Greg Smith, Manuel Soto-Martinez, Sadasivam Suresh, Laurel Teoh, Kiran Thapa, Claire E. Wainwright, Adam JafféComments to Author , and on behalf of the Australian Research Network in Empyema

Author affiliations: Sydney Children’s Hospital, Randwick, New South Wales, Australia (R.E. Strachan, A. Jaffé); Royal Hobart Hospital, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia (A. Cornelius); Centre for Infectious Diseases and Microbiology, Westmead, New South Wales, Australia (G.L. Gilbert, K. Thapa); John Hunter Hospital, Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia (T. Gulliver); Princess Margaret Hospital for Children, Perth, Western Australia, Australia (A. Martin); The Canberra Hospital, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia (T. McDonald, L. Teoh); Monash Institute of Medical Research, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia (G.M. Nixon); Alice Springs Hospital, Alice Springs, Northern Territory, Australia (R. Roseby); Royal Children’s Hospital, Melbourne (S. Ranganathan, M. Soto-Martinez); Children’s Hospital at Westmead (H. Selvadurai); Women’s and Children’s Hospital, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia (G. Smith); Mater Children’s Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia (S. Suresh); Royal Children’s Hospital, Brisbane (C.E. Wainwright)

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Table 1

Characteristics of 172 children with empyema, Australia, 2007–2009*

Characteristic Value
Median age, y (range)
3.9 (0.4–15.5)
  M 93 (54.1)
79 (45.9)
Indigenous status
  Aboriginal 8 (4.7)
  Other 160 (93.0)
  Not recorded
4 (2.3)
  Queensland 59 (34.3)
  New South Wales 52 (30.2)
  Victoria 37 (21.5)
  Western Australia 16 (9.3)
  South Australia 4 (2.3)
  Tasmania 2 (1.2)
  Australian Capital Territory 2 (1.2)
  Northern Territory
Chronic respiratory diseases 7 (4.0)
Congenital diseases 3 (1.7)
Potentially immunocompromised 6 (3.5)
Cardiac disease 1 (0.6)

*Values are no. (%) unless otherwise indicated.

*Values are no. (%) unless otherwise indicated.

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