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Volume 18, Number 10—October 2012


Influenza Virus Infection in Nonhuman Primates

Erik A. Karlsson, Gregory A. Engel, M.M. Feeroz, Sorn San, Aida Rompis, Benjamin P. Y.-H. Lee, Eric Shaw, Gunwha Oh, Michael A. Schillaci, Richard Grant, John Heidrich, Stacey Schultz-Cherry, and Lisa Jones-EngelComments to Author 
Author affiliations: St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee, USA (E.A. Karlsson, S. Schultz-Cherry); University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA (G.A. Engel, G. Oh, L. Jones-Engel); Swedish Cherry Hill Family Medicine, Seattle (G.A. Engel); Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Bangladesh (M.M. Feeroz); National Veterinary Research Institute, Phnom Penh, Cambodia (S. San); University of Udayana, Bali, Indonesia (A. Rompis); Nature Parks, Singapore (B.P.Y.-H. Lee); Gibraltar Ornithological and Natural History Society, Gibraltar (E. Shaw); University of Toronto Scarborough, Ontario, Canada (M.A. Schillaci); and Shin Nippon Biomedical Laboratory, Phnom Penh (R. Grant, J. Heidrich)

Main Article

Table 1

Anti-influenza nucleocapsid protein antibodies in nonhuman primate populations, 2001–2011*

Location, year No. Macaca species Type(s) No. (%) positive
Singapore, 2003 36 fascicularis Reserve 6 (16.7)

Java, 2002

14 fascicularis Performing, pet 4 (28.6)

Sulawesi, 2001

31 nigra, hecki, nigrescens Pet 5 (16.1)


37 sylvanus Reserve 0


36 sylvanus Reserve 0


4 mulatta Performing, pet 0


30 mulatta Performing, pet 4 (13.3)
Cambodia, 2011 48 fascicularis, nemestrina Temple, urban, reserve 14 (29.2)

*Testing was conducted with a multispecies influenza A virus nucleocapsid protein antibody inhibition test for strain-specific antibodies.

Main Article