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Volume 18, Number 11—November 2012


Coxsackievirus B3, Shandong Province, China, 1990–2010

Zexin Tao1, Yanyan Song1, Yan Li, Yao Liu, Ping Jiang, Xiaojuan Lin, Guifang Liu, Lizhi Song, Haiyan Wang, and Aiqiang XuComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Shandong Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Jinan, People’s Republic of China (Z. Tao, Y. Li, Y. Liu, X. Lin, G. Liu, L. Song, H. Wang, A. Xu); Shandong University School of Public Health, Jinan (Y. Song, A. Xu); and Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York, USA (P. Jiang)

Main Article


Sources of 157 coxsackievirus B3 in Shandong Province, People’s Republic of China, 1990–2010*

Source Specimen No. isolates Years of isolation
AFP surveillance Feces 59 1990–2010
Environmental surveillance Sewage 9 2008–2010
Patients with aseptic meningitis and encephalitis syndrome in Jinan CSF 4 2006–2008
Patients with aseptic meningitis during outbreak in Tancheng CSF and feces 81 2008
Patients with aseptic meningitis during outbreak in Yanzhou CSF 2 2005
Patient with hand-foot-and-mouth disease Throat swab 2 2008

*AFP, acute flaccid paralysis; CSF, cerebrospinal fluid.

Main Article

1These authors contributed equally to this article.