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Volume 18, Number 12—December 2012


Reservoir Competence of Vertebrate Hosts for Anaplasma phagocytophilum

Felicia KeesingComments to Author , Michelle H. Hersh, Michael Tibbetts, Diana J. McHenry, Shannon Duerr, Jesse Brunner, Mary Killilea, Kathleen LoGiudice, Kenneth A. Schmidt, and Richard S. Ostfeld
Author affiliations: Bard College, Annandale-on-Hudson, New York, USA (F. Keesing, M.H. Hersh, M. Tibbetts, D.J. McHenry); Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies, Millbrook, NY, USA (F. Keesing, M.H. Hersh, S. Duerr, R.S. Ostfeld); Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, USA (J. Brunner); New York University, New York, New York, USA (M. Killilea); Union College, Schenectedy, NY, USA (K. LoGiudice); Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX, USA (K.A. Schmidt)

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Table 1

Host species tested for Anaplasma phagocytophiluum reservoir competence, southeastern New York, USA, 2008–2010*

Host species Common name No. hosts tested No. ticks tested Mean no. ticks sampled per host (range)

Blarina brevicauda

Northern short-tailed shrew 28 529 18.9 (11–25)

Didelphis virginiana

Virginia opossum 25 501 20.0 (11–25)

Glaucomys volans

Southern flying squirrel 4 59 14.8 (6–25)

Mephitis mephitis

Striped skunk 1 21 21.0 (21–21)

Peromyscus leucopus

White-footed mouse 30 571 19.0 (10–25)

Procyon lotor

Raccoon 25 484 19.4 (10–25)

Sciurus carolinensis

Eastern gray squirrel 20 358 17.9 (10–25)

Sorex cinereus

Masked shrew 6 41 6.8 (4–10)

Tamias striatus

Eastern chipmunk 19 300 15.8 (9–25)

Tamiasciurus hudsonicus

Eastern red squirrel 15 297 19.8 (11–25)

Catharus fuscescens

Veery 21 427 20.3 (10–25)

Dumetella carolinensis

Gray catbird 14 235 16.8 (9–24)

Hylocichla mustelina

Wood thrush 28 496 17.7 (10–24)

Turdus migratorius

American robin 18 321 17.8 (8–24)

*Number of ticks tested per host can include samples from either natural body loads or experimental infestations, as described in the text, and is not representative of mean total body loads.

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