Volume 19, Number 12—December 2013
Toward Proof of Concept of a One Health Approach to Disease Prediction and Control
|One Health Concept||Evidence in support of concept||Study type||Reference|
|It is feasible to integrate human, animal, and environmental health efforts.
||Reports of animal illness facilitated investigation of human cases caused by toxic environmental chemicals.
|Animal and human cases of Cryptococcus gattii infection can help identify environmental risk for infection.
|Collaboration between public health and wildlife health agencies enabled simultaneous testing of bats for rabies and white nose syndrome.
|A mathematical model showed proof of concept for an integrated approach to avian influenza control.
|Sheep and cattle deaths helped trace release of weaponized anthrax.
|Integrated approaches that consider human, animal, and environmental health components can improve prediction of certain diseases.
||Cattle poisonings caused by lead exposure in the soil helped detect cases of lead poisoning in humans living nearby.
|Household pets served as sentinels for childhood lead poisoning risk.
|A household bird provided warning of carbon monoxide poisoning to household members.
|A prediction model incorporating bird, mosquito, and climate data was superior to less integrated models for predicting human infection with West Nile virus in Los Angeles, California.
||Retrospective case cross-over study
|Climate based models predicted Rift Valley fever in humans and animals.
||Prospective observational study
|Seasonal temperatures predicted risk for campylobacteriosis in chickens and humans.
||Retrospective longitudinal study
|Integrated approaches that consider human, animal, and environmental health components can improve control of certain diseases.||Enhanced mechanized ventilation in a horse stable led to improvements in indoor air quality and in the respiratory health of horses and humans.
|Reduced cases of poultry and human campylobacteriosis in Iceland over a multiyear period was attributed to better on-farm biosecurity measures and public education.
||Retrospective longitudinal study
|Rates of human infection with Schistosoma japonicum were lower when treatment was given to humans and domestic buffaloes than when treatment was given to humans only.
||Controlled intervention study
|Environmental interventions helped reduce human, animal, and environmental rates of S. japonicum infection.
||Controlled intervention study
|The spread of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection in a horse hospital was stopped by environmental cleaning and isolation of animals and humans.||Case report||30|
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