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Volume 20, Number 1—January 2014


Salmonellosis and Meat Purchased at Live-Bird and Animal-Slaughter Markets, United States, 2007–2012

Maho Imanishi, Tara C. Anderson, Janell Routh, Catherine Brown, Giuseppe Conidi, Lynda Glenn, Vasudha Reddy, HaeNa Waechter, Michelle Malavet, Mawuli Nyaku, Susan Bohm, Sally Bidol, Katherine Arends, Amy Saupe, Jeffrey Higa, Thai-An Nguyen, Jeshua Pringle, Casey Barton Behravesh, and Stacey BoschComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (M. Imanishi, T.C. Anderson, J. Routh, M. Nyaku, T.-A. Nguyen, J. Pringle, C. Barton Behravesh, S. Bosch); Massachusetts Department of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA (C. Brown, G. Conidi, L. Glenn); New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, New York, USA (V. Reddy, H. Waechter); New Jersey Department of Health, Trenton, New Jersey, USA (M. Malavet); Michigan Department of Community Health, Lansing, Michigan, USA (M. Nyaku, S. Bohm, S. Bidol, K. Arends); Minnesota Department of Health, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA (A. Saupe); California Department of Public Health, Gardena, California, USA (J. Higa)

Main Article


Characteristics of outbreaks of human Salmonella enterica serotype Schwarzengrund infections linked to meat purchased at live-bird markets, United States, 2007–2012*

Year Location Outbreak strain† No. cases No. yes/total no. (%)‡
Children <5 y of age§ Infants <1 y of age Asian race Hispanic ethnicity Exposure to meat purchased at live-bird markets
2007 Massachusetts JM6X01.0240, JM6X01.0225, JM6X01.0118 62 38/62 (61) 14/62 (23) 53/54 (98) NA 8/10 (80)
2009 New York, NY JM6X01.0240 50 37/50 (74) 15/50 (30) 7/20 (35) 9/17 (53) 14/16 (88)
2010–2011 Multistate¶ JM6X01.0240 233 105/209 (50) 19/209 (9) 26/72 (36) 29/72 (40) 28/80 (35)
2012 Multistate# JM6X01.0323 15 8/15 (53) 3/15 (20) 1/12 (8) 5/12 (42) 6/12 (50)

*NA, not available.
†Defined by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis XbaI restriction enzyme pattern.
‡Denominators are dependent on number of case-patients interviewed and may vary from case counts.
§Includes infants <1 y of age.
¶Case distribution includes New York (91, 39%), New Jersey (52, 22%), and Massachusetts (44, 19%).
#Case distribution includes Illinois (8, 53%) and Michigan (5, 33%).

Main Article