Volume 20, Number 12—December 2014
Putative New West Nile Virus Lineage in Uranotaenia unguiculata Mosquitoes, Austria, 2013
- Gray TJ, Webb CE. A review of the epidemiological and clinical aspects of West Nile virus. Int J Gen Med. 2014;7:193–203.
- Fall G, Diallo M, Loucoubar C, Faye O, Sall AA. Vector competence of Culex neavei and Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) from Senegal for lineages 1, 2, Koutango and a putative new lineage of West Nile virus. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2014;90:747–54 .
- Lvov DK, Butenko AM, Gromashevsky VL, Kovtunov AI, Prilipov AG, Kinney R, West Nile virus and other zoonotic viruses in Russia: examples of emerging–reemerging situations. Arch Virol Suppl. 2004;18:85–96 .
- Vázquez A, Sánchez-Seco MP, Ruiz S, Molero F, Hernández L, Moreno J, Putative new lineage of West Nile virus, Spain. Emerg Infect Dis. 2010;16:549–52 .
- Becker N, Petrič D, Zgomba M, Boase C, Madon M, Dahl C, Mosquitoes and their control, 2nd ed. Heidelberg (Germany): Springer Verlag; 2010. p. 91–111, 312–4.
- Scaramozzino N, Crance J-M, Jouan A, DeBriel DA, Stoll F, Garin D. Comparison of Flavivirus universal primer pairs and development of a rapid, highly sensitive heminested reverse transcription–PCR assay for detection of flaviviruses targeted to a conserved region of the NS5 gene sequences. J Clin Microbiol. 2001;39:1922–7 .
- Kuno G, Chang GJ, Tsuchiya KR, Karabatsos N, Cropp CB. Phylogeny of the genus Flavivirus. J Virol. 1998;72:73–83 .
- Tamura K, Peterson D, Peterson N, Stecher G, Nei M, Kumar S. MEGA5: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis using maximum likelihood, evolutionary distance, and maximum parsimony methods. Mol Biol Evol. 2011;28:2731–9 .
- Shirato K, Miyoshi H, Goto A, Ako Y, Ueki T, Kariwa H, Viral envelope protein glycosylation is a molecular determinant of the neuroinvasiveness of the New York strain of West Nile virus. J Gen Virol. 2004;85:3637–45 .
- Whiteman MC, Wicker JA, Kinney RM, Huang CYH, Solomon T, Barrett ADT. Multiple amino acid changes at the first glycosylation motif in NS1 protein of West Nile virus are necessary for complete attenuation for mouse neuroinvasiveness. Vaccine. 2011;29:9702–10 .
- Hall RA, Khromykh AA, Mackenzie JM, Scherret JH, Khromykh TI, Mackenzie JS. Loss of dimerisation of the nonstructural protein NS1 of Kunjin virus delays viral replication and reduces virulence in mice, but still allows secretion of NS1. Virology. 1999;264:66–75 .
- Melian EB, Hinzman E, Nagasaki T, Firth AE, Wills NM, Nouwens AS, NS1′ of flaviviruses in the Japanese encephalitis virus serogroup is a product of ribosomal frameshifting and plays a role in viral neuroinvasiveness. J Virol. 2010;84:1641–7 .
- Firth AE, Blitvich BJ, Wills NM, Miller CL, Atkins JF. Evidence for ribosomal frameshifting and a novel overlapping gene in the genomes of insect-specific flaviviruses. Virology. 2010;399:153–66 .
- Aspöck H, Kunz C, Pretzmann G. Seasonal distribution of mosquitoes and its relation to the appearance of mosquito-borne viruses in the eastern part of the Neusiedlersee area (eastern Austria) [in German]. Zentralbl Bakteriol [Orig]. 1970;214:160–73 .
- Šebesta O, Halouzka J, Hubálek Z, Juřicová Z, Rudolf I, Šikutová S, Mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae) fauna in an area endemic for West Nile virus. J Vector Ecol. 2010;35:156–62 .
1Current affiliation: Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg, Austria.
Page created: November 19, 2014
Page updated: November 19, 2014
Page reviewed: November 19, 2014
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.