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Volume 20, Number 2—February 2014

Investigation of Inhalation Anthrax Case, United States

Jayne GriffithComments to Author , David Blaney, Sean Shadomy, Mark Lehman, Nicki Pesik, Samantha Tostenson, Lisa Delaney, Rebekah Tiller, Aaron DeVries, Thomas Gomez, Maureen Sullivan, Carina Blackmore, Danielle Stanek, Ruth Lynfield, and the Anthrax Investigation Team
Author affiliations: Minnesota Department of Health, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA (J. Griffith, S. Tostenson, A. DeVries, M. Sullivan, R. Lynfield); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (D. Blaney, S. Shadomy, M. Lehman, N. Pesik, L. Delaney, R. Tiller); US Department of Agriculture, Atlanta (T. Gomez); Florida Department of Health, Tallahassee, Florida, USA (C. Blackmore, D. Stanek)

Main Article


Samples tested for presence of Bacillus anthracis, 2011*

Sample type Description (no. specimens) PCR result Culture result
Vacuum sock† Floorboards (3) ND ND
Vacuum sock Seats (2) ND ND
Macrofoam swab‡ Instrument panel (2) ND ND
Macrofoam swab Arm rests (2) ND ND
Macrofoam swab Dashboard (2) ND ND
Macrofoam swab
Steering wheel
Vehicle exterior
Macrofoam swab Windshield ND ND
Macrofoam swab Driver's window seam ND ND
Macrofoam swab Hub caps (4) ND ND
Macrofoam swab Intake grill ND ND
Bulk Scraping of debris on wheel hubs (5) ND ND
Bulk Cabin filter (2) ND ND
Vacuum sock Cabin filter ND ND
Vacuum sock
Engine filter
Personal items
Macrofoam swab Boots (2) ND ND
Bulk Boots (2) (dirt removed from soles) ND ND
Macrofoam swab Antlers (4) ND ND
Macrofoam swab Fishing rod/lures (2) ND ND
Bulk Rinsate of fishing lures ND ND
Bulk Rinsate of rocks (6) ND ND
Macrofoam swab
Rock sifter
Macrofoam swab Garage electrical box ND
Macrofoam swab Garage workbench surface ND
Macrofoam swab Electrical outlets (5) ND
Macrofoam swab Home air conditioner unit ND
Bulk Air intake filter ND
Macrofoam swab Rocks ND
Macrofoam swab Fishing gear ND
Macrofoam swab Mounted animal heads (2) ND
Macrofoam swab Computer modem ND
Macrofoam swab Surfaces (2) ND
Vacuum bag contents (2)

*ND, not detected; blank spaces indicate test was not performed.

Main Article

1Members of this Anthrax Investigation Team are listed at the end of the article.

Page created: January 17, 2014
Page updated: January 17, 2014
Page reviewed: January 17, 2014
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.