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Volume 20, Number 8—August 2014

Yersinia pestis in Pulex irritans Fleas during Plague Outbreak, Madagascar

Jocelyn RatovonjatoComments to Author , Minoarisoa Rajerison, Soanandrasana Rahelinirina, and Sébastien Boyer
Author affiliations: Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, Antananarivo, Madagascar (J. Ratovonjato, S. Boyer); World Health Organization Collaborating Centre, Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, Antananarivo (M. Rajerison, S. Rahelinirina)

Main Article


Fleas collected inside and outside houses in Soavina, Madagascar, January 2013

Species Total no. (%) No. (%) inside No. (%) outside
Pulex irritans 233 (73.0) 233 (95.5) 0
Ctenocephalides canis 1 (0.3) 1 (0.4) 0
Echidnophaga gallinacea 10 (3.1) 10 (4.1) 0
Synopsyllus fonquerniei 62 (19.4) 0 62 (82.7)
Xenopsylla cheopis
13 (4.1)
13 (17.3)
Total 319 (100) 244 (100) 75 (100)

Main Article

Page created: July 21, 2014
Page updated: July 21, 2014
Page reviewed: July 21, 2014
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.