Geographic Distribution of MERS Coronavirus among Dromedary Camels, Africa
Chantal B.E.M. Reusken1
, Lilia Messadi1
, Ashenafi Feyisa1
, Hussaini Ularamu1
, Gert-Jan Godeke, Agom Danmarwa, Fufa Dawo, Mohamed Jemli, Simenew Melaku, David Shamaki, Yusuf Woma, Yiltawe Wungak, Endrias Zewdu Gebremedhin, Ilse Zutt, Berend-Jan Bosch, Bart L. Haagmans, and Marion P.G. Koopmans
Author affiliations: Netherlands Centre for Infectious Disease Control, Bilthoven, the Netherlands (C.B.E.M. Reusken, G.-J. Godeke, I. Zutt, M.P.G. Koopmans); Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands (C.B.E.M. Reusken, B.L. Haagmans, M.P.G. Koopmans); National Veterinary Medicine School, University of La Manouba, Sidi Thabet, Tunisia (L. Messadi, M. Jemli); Addis Ababa University College of Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture, Bishoftu, Ethiopia (A. Feyisa, F. Dawo, S. Melaku, E. Z. Gebremedhin); National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom, Nigeria (H. Ularamu, A. Danmarwa, D. Shamaki, Y. Woma, Y. Wungak); Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands (B.-J. Bosch); 1These authors contributed equally to this article.
Figure 2. Geographic distribution of serologic evidence for Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) or MERS-like CoV circulation in dromedaries in Africa and the Arabian PeninsulaGray shading indicates countries with seropositive dromedaries; solid black outline indicates countries with primary human cases; dotted outline indicates countries with secondary human casesFor each country with affected dromedaries, the year of sampling, % seropositive, total number tested, and age group are indicatedA, adult, >2 years of age; J, juvenile, ≤2 years of ageDetails on serologic tests used and references are in Table 1.
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