Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

Volume 20, Number 9—September 2014


Pneumocystis jirovecii Pneumonia in Patients with or without AIDS, France

Antoine Roux, Emmanuel Canet, Sandrine Valade, Florence Gangneux-Robert, Samia Hamane, Ariane Lafabrie, Daniéle Maubon, Anne Debourgogne, Soléne Le Gal, Fréderic Dalle, Marion Leterrier, Dominique Toubas, Christelle Pomares, Anne Pauline Bellanger, Julie Bonhomme, Antoine Berry, Isabelle Durand-Joly, Denis Magne, Denis Pons, Christophe Hennequin, Eric Maury, Patricia Roux1, and Élie AzoulayComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Centre Medico-Chirurgical FOCH, Suresnes, France (A. Roux); Hôpital Saint-Louis, Paris, France (E. Canet, S. Valade, S. Hamane, A. Lafabrie, É. Azoulay); Centre Hospitalier Universitaire (CHU) de Rennes, Rennes, France (F. Gangneux-Robert ); CHU de Grenoble, Grenoble, France (D. Maubon); CHU de Nancy, Nancy, France (A. Debourgogne); Centre Hospitalier Régional et Universitaire de Brest, Brest, France (S. Le Gal); CHU de Dijon, Dijon, France (F. Dalle); CHU de Nantes, Nantes, France (M. Leterrier); CHU de Reims, Reims, France (D. Toubas); Hôpital de l’Archet, Nice, France (C. Pomares); CHU Jean Minjoz, Besançon, France (A.P. Bellanger); CHU Côte de Nacre, Caen, France (J. Bonhomme); CHU de Toulouse, Toulouse, France (A. Berry); CHU de Lille, Lille, France (I. Durand-Joly); Hôpital Saint-Antoine, Paris (D. Magne, C. Hennequin, P. Roux, E. Maury); CHU Gabriel Montpied, Clermont-Ferrand, France (D. Pons)

Main Article

Table 2

Clinical management of 544 AIDS and non-AIDS patients after diagnosis with PCP, France, January 1, 2007–December 31, 2010*

AIDS patients, n = 223
Non-AIDS patients, n = 321
p value
Days from admission to treatment initiation, median (IQR) 1 (0–2) 2 (0–6) <0.0001
Intensive care admission 65 (35) 134 (50) 0.0015
Immediate oxygen needed 87 (49) 160 (69) <0.0001
Oxygen flow rate, L/min, mean (95% CI)
2 (1.3–2.8)
3.8 (2.8–4.8)
Mechanical ventilation
Noninvasive needed 17 (8) 50 (16) 0.0053
Noninvasive failed 16 (8) 46 (15) 0.013
Invasive needed
25 (11.0)
98 (30.5)
Hospital deaths 8 (4) 75 (27) <0.0001

*Values are no. (%) patients except as indicated. PCP, Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia; IQR, interquartile range.

Main Article