Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link
Volume 21, Number 1—January 2015

Pneumonic Plague Outbreak, Northern Madagascar, 2011

Vincent Richard, Julia M. RiehmComments to Author , Perlinot Herindrainy, Rahelinirina Soanandrasana, Maherisoa Ratsitoharina, Fanjasoa Rakotomanana, Samuel Andrianalimanana, Holger C. Scholz, and Minoarisoa Rajerison
Author affiliations: Institut Pasteur de Dakar, Dakar, Senegal (V. Richard); Bundeswehr Institute of Microbiology, Munich, Germany (J.M. Riehm, H.C. Scholz); German Center for Infection Research, Munich (J.M. Riehm, H.C. Scholz); Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, Anatananarivo, Madagascar (P. Herindrainy, R. Soanandrasana, M. Ratsitoharina, F. Rakotomanana, M. Rajerison); Ministry of Public Health, Anatananarivo (S. Andrianalimanana)

Main Article

Table 2

Characteristics of 41 contacts and plague patients during pneumonic plague outbreak, northern Madagascar, 2011*

Contact/relationship Symptoms Chemoprophylaxis Serologic result† WHO case definition Village Characteristic
1–5, family None Yes NA Ankatakata Houses A and B
6, family None Yes NA Antsakoabe House C, husband of patient 9
7, family None Yes NA Antsakoabe House C, children of patient 9
8 and 9, family None Yes NA Antsakoabe House C
10, family None No NA Tsaratanana House D
11–13, family None Yes NA Ankiganyo House E
14, family None Yes + Presumptive Ankiganyo House E, mother of patient 18
15 and 16, family None Yes NA Ambarakaraka House F
17–24, other None Yes NA Mandrivary Met with patient 10
25, other Cough No + Presumptive Mandrivary Carried patient 3
26, other None Yes NA Antafiabe Shared bed with patient 11
27–31, other None Yes NA Antafiabe Met with patient 11
32–34, other Mild Yes NA Several Attended funerals
35–41, other None Yes NA Several Attended funerals

*Contacts of plague patients were divided into family contacts (persons who lived in the same household with an infected person) and other contacts (persons spent time with a patient or approached a persons who died). WHO, World Health Organization.
†For Yersinia pestis.

Main Article

Page created: December 17, 2014
Page updated: December 17, 2014
Page reviewed: December 17, 2014
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.