Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link
Volume 21, Number 2—February 2015
Dispatch

Influenza D Virus in Cattle, France, 2011–2014

Mariette DucatezComments to Author , Claire Pelletier, and Gilles Meyer
Author affiliations: French National Institute for Agronomy Research (INRA) and Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire (INP-ENVT), Toulouse, France (M.F. Ducatez, G. Meyer); Laboratoire Départemental d'Analyses (LDA71), Département de Saône-et-Loire, Mâcon, France (C. Pelletier)

Main Article

Figure

Phylogenetic trees of the 7 gene segments of D/bovine/France/2986/2012 influenza virus at the nucleotide level. A) PB2. B) PB1. C) P3/PA. D) Nucleoprotein E) P42/Matrix. F) Nonstructural protein. G) Hemagglutinin-esterase. Maximum-likelihood analysis with 500 bootstrap replicates (bootstrap values >75 are indicated on the tree nodes). The gene sequences of D/bovine/France/2986/2012 (in large bold underlined font) were compared with representatives of all the Orthomyxoviridae genera: all the v

Figure. Phylogenetic trees of the 7 gene segments of D/bovine/France/2986/2012 influenza virus at the nucleotide level. A) PB2. B) PB1. C) P3/PA. D) Nucleoprotein E) P42/Matrix. F) Nonstructural protein. G) Hemagglutinin-esterase. Maximum-likelihood analysis with 500 bootstrap replicates (bootstrap values >75 are indicated on the tree nodes). The gene sequences of D/bovine/France/2986/2012 (in large bold underlined font) were compared with representatives of all the Orthomyxoviridae genera: all the viral strains used in (1). P, polymerase, nucleoprotein, PB, polymerase basic  Scale bars indicate nucleotide substitutions per site.

Main Article

References
  1. Hause  BM, Collin  EA, Liu  R, Huang  B, Sheng  Z, Lu  W, Characterization of a novel influenza virus in cattle and swine: proposal for a new genus in the Orthomyxoviridae family. MBio. 2014;5:e0003114. DOIPubMed
  2. Jiang  WM, Wang  SC, Peng  C, Yu  JM, Zhuang  QY, Hou  GY, . Identification of a potential novel type of influenza virus in Bovine in China. Virus Genes. 2014;49:4936.DOIPubMed
  3. Hause  BM, Ducatez  M, Collin  EA, Ran  Z, Liu  R, Sheng  Z, Isolation of a novel swine influenza virus from Oklahoma in 2011 which is distantly related to human influenza C viruses. PLoS Pathog. 2013;9:e1003176. DOIPubMed
  4. Kim  JI, Park  MS. N-linked glycosylation in the hemagglutinin of influenza A viruses. Yonsei Med J. 2012;53:88693. DOIPubMed
  5. Sun  S, Wang  Q, Zhao  F, Chen  W, Li  Z. Glycosylation site alteration in the evolution of influenza A (H1N1) viruses. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e22844. DOIPubMed
  6. Rosenthal  PB, Zhang  X, Formanowski  F, Fitz  W, Wong  CH, Meier-Ewert  H, Structure of the haemagglutinin-esterase-fusion glycoprotein of influenza C virus. Nature. 1998;396:926. DOIPubMed
  7. Webster  RG, Bean  WJ, Gorman  OT, Chambers  TM, Kawaoka  Y. Evolution and ecology of influenza A viruses. Microbiol Rev. 1992;56:15279 .PubMed
  8. Sheng  Z, Ran  Z, Wang  D, Hoppe  AD, Simonson  R, Chakravarty  S, Genomic and evolutionary characterization of a novel influenza-C–like virus from swine. Arch Virol. 2014;159:24955. DOIPubMed

Main Article

Page created: January 21, 2015
Page updated: January 21, 2015
Page reviewed: January 21, 2015
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.
file_external