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Volume 22, Number 12—December 2016


Xenopsylla brasiliensis Fleas in Plague Focus Areas, Madagascar

Adélaïde MiarinjaraComments to Author , Christophe Rogier, Mireille Harimalala, Tojo R. Ramihangihajason, and Sébastien Boyer
Author affiliations: Université d'Antananarivo, Antananarivo, Madagascar (A. Miarinjara); Institut Pasteur, Antananarivo (A. Miarinjara, C. Rogier, M. Harimalala, T.R. Ramihangihajason, S. Boyer)

Main Article


Number of fleas collected from rodents and by candle traps per species and per study site, Madagascar, 2013–2014

Source Flea species Beranimbo Ambiamamy Sahakondro Antsiatsiaka*
Rattus rattus rat Synopsyllus fonquerniei 21 1 4 0
Xenopsylla cheopis 1 0 0 8
Xenopsylla brasiliensis 0 0 7 7

Echidnophaga gallinacea
Candle trap Tunga penetrans 2 0 3 1
Pulex irritans 0 0 0 138
Synopsyllus fonquerniei 0 0 0 1

*Control village where no plague cases and no insecticide treatment occurred.

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