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Volume 23, Number 1—January 2017


Epidemiology of Hospitalizations Associated with Invasive Candidiasis, United States, 2002–20121

Sara Strollo2, Michail S. Lionakis, Jennifer Adjemian, Claudia A. Steiner, and D. Rebecca PrevotsComments to Author 
Author affiliations: National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA (S. Strollo, M.S. Lionakis, J. Adjemian, D.R. Prevots); United States Public Health Service, Rockville, Maryland, USA (J. Adjemian); Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville (C.A. Steiner)

Main Article


Primary or secondary diagnosis for invasive candidiasis hospitalizations, United States, 2002–2012*

Diagnosis No. (%) hospital discharges, n = 138,433
Indicator of invasive candidiasis
Septicemia or sepsis 99,360 (72)
Complication of device, implant, or graft 62,092 (45)
Complication of surgical procedures or medical care
38,940 (28)
Underlying condition
Gastrointestinal disorders or conditions 63,470 (46)
Hypertension 54,094 (39)
Diabetes mellitus 35,689 (26)
Kidney disease 34,626 (25)
Cancer 33,359 (24)
Congestive heart failure 30,348 (22)
Nervous system disorders 26,220 (19)
Coronary atherosclerosis and other heart disease 20,085 (15)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and bronchitis 23,850 (17)
Liver diseases 19,888 (14)
Esophageal disorders 14,625 (11)

*Neonates (<1 mo of age) were excluded. Data were provided by State Inpatient Databases through the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project maintained by the US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Diagnoses were classified by using Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality clinical classification software codes (17) and multiple International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification codes and ranges.

Main Article

1Preliminary results from this study were presented at the IDWeek 2015 Conference; October 7–11, 2015; San Diego, California, USA.

2Current affiliation: American Cancer Society, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.