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Volume 23, Number 3—March 2017

Dispatch

Increase in Tuberculosis Cases among Prisoners, Brazil, 2009–20141

Paul M. Bourdillon, Crhistinne C.M. Gonçalves, Daniele Maria Pelissari, Denise Arakaki-Sanchez, Albert I. Ko, Julio Croda, and Jason R. Andrews
Author affiliations: Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA (P.M. Bourdillon, A.I. Ko); Federal University of Grande Dourados, Dourados, Brazil (C.C.M. Gonçalves, J. Croda); University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil (D.M. Pelissari); Ministry of Health of Brazil, Brasília, Brazil (D.M. Pelissari, D. Arakaki-Sanchez); Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Campo Grande and Salvador, Brazil (J Croda, A.I. Ko); Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA (J.R. Andrews)

Main Article

Figure 2

Temporal distribution of incarceration rates (prisoners/100,000 population) and TB notification rates (cases/100,000 prisoners), by sex, Brazil, 2009–2014. There was an appreciable increase in incarceration rates among men (30.2%) and women (50.0%) from 2009 to 2014. Although the incarceration rate of men averaged >15 times that of women, the average TB notification rate for women was higher (1,703 vs. 1,281/100,000 prisoners). TB, tuberculosis

Figure 2. Temporal distribution of incarceration rates (prisoners/100,000 population) and TB notification rates (cases/100,000 prisoners), by sex, Brazil, 2009–2014. There was an appreciable increase in incarceration rates among men (30.2%) and women (50.0%) from 2009 to 2014. Although the incarceration rate of men averaged >15 times that of women, the average TB notification rate for women was higher (1,703 vs. 1,281/100,000 prisoners). TB, tuberculosis. AC, Acre; AL, Alagoas; AP, Amapá; AM, Amazonas; BA, Bahia; CE, Ceará; DF, Distrito Federal; ES, Espírito Santo; GO, Goiás; MA, Maranhão; MT, Mato Grosso; MS, Mato Grosso do Sul; MG, Minas Gerais; PR, Paraná; PB, Paraíba; PA, Pará; PE, Pernambuco; PI, Piauí; RJ, Rio de Janeiro; RN, Rio Grande do Norte; RS, Rio Grande do Sul; RO, Rondônia; RR, Roraima; SC, Santa Catarina; SE, Sergipe; SP, São Paulo; TO, Tocantins.

Main Article

1Preliminary results from this study were presented at the 46th Union World Conference on Lung Health, December 2–6, 2016, Cape Town, South Africa.

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