Volume 23, Number 3—March 2017
Increase in Tuberculosis Cases among Prisoners, Brazil, 2009–20141
||General Population||Prisoners||p value, men vs. women*
|Annual no. cases||81,370||53,138||28,227||6,388||5,869||519||<0.0001|
|Notification rate, cases/100,000 population||42||55||29||1,307||1,281||1,703||0.001|
|HIV status reported, %†||66.1||66.6||65.3||65.9||65.9||66.0||0.97|
|HIV co-infection, %‡||17.4||18.2||15.8||15.9||15.2||24.1||0.003|
|Smear positive, %||55.5||57.2||52.2||65.5||66.4||55.2||<0.0001|
|Treatment success, %||66.6||64.4||70.9||69.5||69.8||66.0||0.09|
*p values calculated with the Welch t-test comparing prisoners’ annual data by sex.
†HIV status based on a positive or negative status result or AIDS diagnosis from the time of tuberculosis notification.
‡% HIV co-infection calculated as percentage positive HIV+ results among those with HIV status reported.
1Preliminary results from this study were presented at the 46th Union World Conference on Lung Health, December 2–6, 2016, Cape Town, South Africa.
- Page created: February 23, 2017
- Page last updated: February 23, 2017
- Page last reviewed: February 23, 2017
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,
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