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Volume 23, Number 3—March 2017

Dispatch

Increase in Tuberculosis Cases among Prisoners, Brazil, 2009–20141

Paul M. Bourdillon, Crhistinne C.M. Gonçalves, Daniele Maria Pelissari, Denise Arakaki-Sanchez, Albert I. Ko, Julio Croda, and Jason R. Andrews
Author affiliations: Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA (P.M. Bourdillon, A.I. Ko); Federal University of Grande Dourados, Dourados, Brazil (C.C.M. Gonçalves, J. Croda); University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil (D.M. Pelissari); Ministry of Health of Brazil, Brasília, Brazil (D.M. Pelissari, D. Arakaki-Sanchez); Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Campo Grande and Salvador, Brazil (J Croda, A.I. Ko); Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA (J.R. Andrews)

Main Article

Figure 1

Proportion of tuberculosis (TB) cases among prisoners in Brazil, 2009–2014. A) Geographic distribution by state of the proportions of all TB cases diagnosed among male prisoners ages 20–29. Prisoners comprised 0–47.7% of all TB cases in this age group, with highest rates at the western border of Brazil. B) Sex and age distribution of the proportions of all notified TB cases diagnosed among prisoners in Brazil for 2009 compared with 2014. Prisoners of both sexes represent an increasingly dispropo

Figure 1. Proportion of tuberculosis (TB) cases among prisoners in Brazil, 2009–2014. A) Geographic distribution by state of the proportions of all TB cases diagnosed among male prisoners ages 20–29. Prisoners comprised 0–47.7% of all TB cases in this age group, with highest rates at the western border of Brazil. B) Sex and age distribution of the proportions of all notified TB cases diagnosed among prisoners in Brazil for 2009 compared with 2014. Prisoners of both sexes represent an increasingly disproportionate percentage of notified cases in all age groups, and male prisoners 20–29 of age represented >25% of cases among the age group in 2014. AC, Acre; AL, Alagoas; AP, Amapá; AM, Amazonas; BA, Bahia; CE, Ceará; DF, Distrito Federal; ES, Espírito Santo; GO, Goiás; MA, Maranhão; MT, Mato Grosso; MS, Mato Grosso do Sul; MG, Minas Gerais; PR, Paraná; PB, Paraíba; PA, Pará; PE, Pernambuco; PI, Piauí; RJ, Rio de Janeiro; RN, Rio Grande do Norte; RS, Rio Grande do Sul; RO, Rondônia; RR, Roraima; SC, Santa Catarina; SE, Sergipe; SP, São Paulo; TO, Tocantins.

Main Article

1Preliminary results from this study were presented at the 46th Union World Conference on Lung Health, December 2–6, 2016, Cape Town, South Africa.

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