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Volume 23, Number 4—April 2017

Dispatch

Outbreaks among Wild Birds and Domestic Poultry Caused by Reassorted Influenza A(H5N8) Clade 2.3.4.4 Viruses, Germany, 2016

Anne Pohlmann, Elke Starick, Timm Harder, Christian Grund, Dirk Höper, Anja Globig, Christoph Staubach, Klaas Dietze, Günter Strebelow, Reiner G. Ulrich, Jan Schinköthe, Jens P. Teifke, Franz J. Conraths, Thomas C. Mettenleiter, and Martin BeerComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, Greifswald-Insel Riems, Germany

Main Article

Table 2

Genetic composition of influenza virus A/tufted duck/SH-Germany/R8444/2016 isolated in Germany, 2016*†

Genome segment, virus strain Identity, % Group
PB2
A/wild duck/Poland/82A/2016 (H5N8) 99 Russia–Mongolia 2.3.4.4 2016 reassortant
A/duck/Mongolia/30/2015 (H3N8) 97
A/duck/Mongolia/118/2015 (H4N6) 97
A/great crested grebe/Uvs-Nuur Lake/341/2016 (H5N8)
97
PB1
A/wild duck/Poland/82A/2016 (H5N8) 99 Russia–Mongolia 2.3.4.4 2016 reassortant
A/great crested grebe/Uvs-Nuur Lake/341/2016 (H5N8) 99
A/duck/Mongolia/179/2015 (H3N8) 97
A/duck/Mongolia/518/2015 (H10N3)
97
PA
A/wild duck/Poland/82A/2016 (H5N8) 100 Central Europe 2.3.4.4 2016 reassortant
A/mallard/Republic of Georgia/13/2011 (H6N2) 97
A/duck/Mongolia/179/2015 (H3N8) 97
A/duck/Hokkaido/W9/2015 (H1N1) 97
A/greylag goose/Iceland/0921/2011 (H6N8)
97
HA
A/wild duck/Poland/82A/2016 (H5N8) 99 Russia–Mongolia 2.3.4.4 2016 reassortant
A/tufted duck/Denmark/17740–1/2016 (H5N8) 99
A/mute swan/Croatia/70/2016 (H5N8) 99
A/great crested grebe/Uvs-Nuur Lake/341/2016 (H5N8) 99
A/duck/Eastern China/S1109/2014 (H5N8)
98
NP
A/wild duck/Poland/82A/2016 99 Central Europe 2.3.4.4 2016 reassortant
A/mallard/Republic of Georgia/13/2011 (H6N2) 98
A/chicken/Netherlands/16007311–037041/2016 (H7N9) 97
A/chicken/France/150169a/2015 (H5N1) 97
A/greylag goose/Iceland/0921/2011 (H6N8)
97
NA
A/wild duck/Poland/82A/2016 (H5N8) 99 Russia–Mongolia 2.3.4.4 2016 reassortant
A/great crested grebe/Uvs-Nuur Lake/341/2016 (H5N8) 99
A/mute swan/Croatia/70/2016 (H5N8) 99
A/duck/Eastern China/S1109/2014 (H5N8)
98
MP
A/wild duck/Poland/82A/2016 (H5N8) 99 Russia–Mongolia 2.3.4.4 2016 reassortant
A/great crested grebe/Uvs-Nuur Lake/341/2016 (H5N8) 99
A/mute swan/Croatia/70/2016 (H5N8) 99
A/duck/Mongolia/179/2015 (H3N8)
98
NS
A/wild duck/Poland/82A/2016 (H5N8) 99 Russia–Mongolia 2.3.4.4 2016 reassortant
A/great crested grebe/Uvs-Nuur Lake/341/2016 (H5N8) 99
A/mute swan/Croatia/70/2016 (H5N8) 99
A/duck/Eastern China/S1109/2014 (H5N8) 99

* Sequences were compared with entries in the GISAID (http://platform.gisaid.org) database. Details and acknowledgments in online Technical Appendix (https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/EID/article/23/4/16-1949-Techapp1.pdf). HA, hemagglutinin; MP, matrix protein; NA, neuraminidase; NS, nonstructural protein; NP, nucleoprotein; PA, polymerase acidic protein; PB, polymerase basic protein.

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