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Volume 23, Number 8—August 2017

Dispatch

Influenza D Virus in Animal Species in Guangdong Province, Southern China

Shao-Lun Zhai1Comments to Author , He Zhang1, Sheng-Nan Chen1, Xia Zhou, Tao Lin, Runxia Liu, Dian-Hong Lv, Xiao-Hui Wen, Wen-Kang Wei1, Dan Wang, and Feng LiComments to Author 
Author affiliations: South Dakota State University, Brookings, South Dakota, USA (S.-L. Zhai, S.-N. Chen, T. Lin, R. Liu, D. Wang, F. Li); Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guangzhou, China (S.-L. Zhai, D.-H. Lv, X.-H. Wen, W.-K. Wei); South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou (H. Zhang, X. Zhou)

Main Article

Figure 2

Phylogenetic analysis of viruses from study of influenza D viruses in cattle, goats, buffalo, and pigs in Guangdong Province and neighboring provinces, China, compared with reference viruses. Partial hemagglutinin-esterase-fusion gene sequences (496 bp) were aligned by using ClustalW implemented in DNAStar software (DNAStar, Madison, WI, USA), and the phylogenetic tree was obtained using neighbor-joining method within MEGA 5.1 software (http://www.megasoftware.net). Numbers at nodes are percenta

Figure 2. Phylogenetic analysis of viruses from study of influenza D viruses in cattle, goats, buffalo, and pigs in Guangdong Province and neighboring provinces, China, compared with reference viruses. Partial hemagglutinin-esterase-fusion gene sequences (496 bp) were aligned by using ClustalW implemented in DNAStar software (DNAStar, Madison, WI, USA), and the phylogenetic tree was obtained using neighbor-joining method within MEGA 5.1 software (http://www.megasoftware.net). Numbers at nodes are percentages of bootstrap values obtained by repeated analyses (1,000 times) to generate majority consensus tree. Only bootstrap scores of at least 50 were retained. Scale bar indicates 0.5% nucleotide sequence divergence. Gray shading indicates viruses from this study; reference viruses obtained from the United States are marked with ♦; from China, ■; from Italy, ▲; from Mexico, ▼; from France, □; and from Japan ●. Note that D/swine/Guangdong/YS1/2016 and D/swine/Guangdong/YS2/2016 are from the same farm; D/swine/Guangdong/P8/2016 and D/swine/Guangdong/P14/2016 are from the same farm; D/swine/Guangdong/U1/2016 and D/swine/Guangdong/U16/2016 are from the same farm; D/bovine/Guangdong/LG2/2016, D/bovine/Guangdong/LG5/2016 and D/bovine/Guangdong/LG9/2016 are from the same farm; D/bovine/Guangdong/QQ1/2016, D/bovine/Guangdong/QQ4/2016, D/bovine/Guangdong/QQ7/2016 and D/bovine/Guangdong/QQ12/2016 are from the same farm; D/bovine/Guangdong/RS1/2016 and D/bovine/Guangdong/RS4/2016 are from the same farm.

Main Article

1These authors contributed equally to this article.

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