Serologic Evidence of Fruit Bat Exposure to Filoviruses, Singapore, 2011–2016
Eric D. Laing1
, Ian H. Mendenhall1
, Martin Linster, Dolyce H. W. Low, Yihui Chen, Lianying Yan, Spencer L. Sterling, Sophie Borthwick, Erica Sena Neves, Julia S. L. Lim, Maggie Skiles, Benjamin P. Y.-H. Lee, Lin-Fa Wang, Christopher C. Broder, and Gavin J. D. Smith
Author affiliations: Uniformed Services University, Bethesda, Maryland, USA (E.D. Laing, L. Yan, S.L. Sterling, C.C. Broder); Duke-National University of Singapore Medical School, Singapore, Singapore (I.H. Mendenhall, M. Linster, D.H.W. Low, Y. Chen, S. Borthwick, E.S. Neves, J.S.L. Lim, L.-F. Wang, G.J.D. Smith); North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA (M. Skiles); National Parks Board, Singapore (B.P.Y.-H. Lee); Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA (L.-F. Wang, G.J.D. Smith)
Figure 2. Western blot results of individual bat serum samples probed against Zaire ebolavirus and Bundibugyo ebolavirus glycoproteins 1 and 2 (GP1, GP2). Boldface indicates positivity by Western blot and underlining indicates positivity by Bio-Plex (Bio-Rad, Hercules, CA, USA). 1, soluble GP1 and GP2 blotted with control anti–Ebola virus nonhuman primate polyclonal serum that demonstrates cross-reactivity with Bundibugyo ebolavirus soluble GP. Other numbers along baseline correspond to the following sample identifiers, also used in Table 2: 2, 0805149; 3, 012309; 4, 011603; 5, 0116048; 6, 0719036; 7, 1128015; 8, 0726122; 9, 042701; 10, 040807; 11, 0512540; 12, 1009010; 13, 0408029; 14, 070409; 15, 112112; 16, 062590; 17, 0228004; 18, 0919025; 19, 0625095. BDBV, Bundibugyo virus; EBOV, Ebola virus.
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