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Volume 24, Number 3—March 2018

Increasing Prevalence of Nontuberculous Mycobacteria in Respiratory Specimens from US-Affiliated Pacific Island Jurisdictions1

Chunrong Lin2Comments to Author , Chad Russell, Bruce Soll, Dominic Chow, Sapna Bamrah, Richard Brostrom, Wesley Kim, Jerry Scott, and Matthew J. Bankowski3
Author affiliations: University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA (C. Lin, C. Russell, B. Soll, D. Chow, W. Kim, J. Scott, M.J. Bankowski); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (S. Bamrah, R. Brostrom); Diagnostic Laboratory Services, Inc., Aiea, Hawaii, USA (W. Kim, M.J. Bankowski); Queen’s Medical Center, Honolulu (W. Kim, M.J. Bankowski)

Main Article

Table 4

Period prevalence of persons with >1 AFB-positive culture in US–affiliated Pacific Islands, August 2007–December 2011*

Characteristic Total population NTM MTB
American Samoa 55,529 12 (22) 10 (18)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands 55,121 29 (53) 87 (158)
Federated States of Micronesia 107,154 176 (164) 248 (266)
Palau 20,879 32 (153) 51 (244)
Republic of the Marshall Islands 65,859 74 (112) 261 (396)
Total no. cases 304,542 323 (106) 675 (221)
Cases with age data, no. (%) NA 244 (75.5) 541 (80.1)
Age, y
0–14 101,812 31 (30) 44 (43)
15–49 158,365 102 (64) 363 (229)
50–64 33,932 82 (242) 112 (330)
>64 10,433 29 (278) 22 (211)

*Values are no. with positive specimens (rate/100,000 persons) except as indicated. Population data were obtained from the US Census Bureau ( by using the midyear population in 2010. MTB, Mycobacterium tuberculosis; NA, not applicable; NTM, nontuberculous mycobacteria.

Main Article

1Preliminary results from this study were presented at the 2013 American College of Physicians Hawaii Chapter Annual Meeting, January 2, 2013, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA.

2Current affiliation: Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA.

3Current affiliation: Baptist Medical Center, Jacksonville, Florida, USA

Page created: February 15, 2018
Page updated: February 15, 2018
Page reviewed: February 15, 2018
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