Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link
Volume 25, Number 2—February 2019

Tick-Borne Encephalitis Virus Antibodies in Roe Deer, the Netherlands

Jolianne M. RijksComments to Author , Margriet G.E. Montizaan, Nine Bakker, Ankje de Vries, Steven Van Gucht, Corien Swaan, Jan van den Broek, Andrea Gröne, and Hein Sprong
Author affiliations: Dutch Wildlife Health Centre, Utrecht, the Netherlands (J.M. Rijks, M.G.E. Montizaan, N. Bakker, A. Gröne); National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, the Netherlands (A. de Vries, C. Swaan., H. Sprong); Sciensano, Brussels, Belgium (S. Van Gucht); Utrecht University, Utrecht (J. van den Broek, A. Gröne)

Main Article


Detection of TBEV in roe deer, the Netherlands, 2017*

Province No. (%) deer counted† No. TBEV SNT–positive samples/no. tested
Identification no. of foci
Random sampling Purposive sampling
Drenthe 10,728 (16) 0/99 NA NA
Flevoland 2,358 (4) 0/37 NA NA
Friesland 6,217 (10) 0/62 0/1 NA
Gelderland 10,687 (16) 2/97 0/12 10
Groningen 4,649 (7) 0/32 NA NA
Limburg 4,674 (7) 3/46 0/1 7, 8, and 9
North Brabant 9,618 (15) 3/101 0/5 4, 5, and 6‡
North Holland§ 935 (1) 0/0 NA NI
Overijssel 9,933 (16) 9/87 5/18 1,¶ 2, and 3
South Holland 1,103 (2) 0/7 0/10 NA
Utrecht 2,485 (4) 0/16 0/1 NA
1,293 (2)
Total 64,680 (100) 17/592 5/48 NA

*NA, not applicable; SNT, serum neutralization test; TBEV, tick-borne encephalitis virus.
†Provided by the game management units.
‡A fourth potential focus (no. 11) was identified by using serum samples obtained from roe deer during 2010 but not reconfirmed in 2017.
§No hunting, only victims of traffic accidents.
¶Sallandse Heuvelrug National Park (the confirmed site, also identified by using serum samples obtained from roe deer during 2010).

Main Article

Page created: January 18, 2019
Page updated: January 18, 2019
Page reviewed: January 18, 2019
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.